China hopes to benefit the world with 5G

China is developing 5G technology to benefit the world, rather than threaten it. The country has always been engaged in global collaboration in the construction of 5G standards and the development of 5G trial networks.

Chinese telecommunications company Huawei has helped build 5G networks around the world. By July 18, the company had secured more than 50 5G commercial contracts across the globe, including 28 in Europe.

Statistics show that Huawei’s products and solutions have saved 55 billion euros in 5G network construction costs for European countries alone.

Back in 2013, when 5G remained in the research stage, China established the IMT-2020 (5G) promotion group and invited foreign companies like Ericsson, Nokia, and Qualcomm to join the team. The group members joined hands to research 5G, formulate technology standards and construct trial networks.

China Unicom recently formed a 5G international cooperation alliance with eight telecom operators from Spain, Germany, Japan, France, the UK and the US, among others, to promote 5G development.

China’s domestically developed regional jet completes highland test flight

ARJ21, China’s domestically developed regional jet, completed its first highland test flight in southwest China on Aug. 19.

Designed to adapt to the highland conditions with high anti-crosswind capabilities, ARJ21 can take off and land at the highland airports and avoid obstacles along the complicated air routes in southwest China.

China’s civil aviation industry has developed fast since 1949. The airport facilities of civil aviation have gradually improved, the coverage of the airline network has dramatically increased, and air transportation capabilities have significantly advanced.

By the end of 2018, China’s regularly scheduled flights had traveled a total distance of 8.4 million kilometers.

Social e-commerce shows great potential

(Photo/Pixabay.com)

The value of China’s social e-commerce reached 1.2 trillion yuan in 2018, accounting for 14 percent of the country’s online retail market, according to a report released by the Internet Society of China in July.

The market scale is expected to reach 2 trillion yuan in 2019, an increase of 63.2 percent year-on-year, said the report.

Social e-commerce is a subset of e-commerce that involves using social media to assist in the online buying and selling of products and services.

An online consumer, who prefers to buy daily necessities on the e-commerce platform Pinduoduo, said she saves money by using discounts offered by the platform or inviting friends to help cut prices.

The report said that the number of consumers engaged in social e-commerce reached 500 million in 2019.

Since last year, many social e-commerce enterprises such as Pinduoduo and Yunji have completed initial public offerings. Meanwhile, traditional e-commerce companies like Jing Dong and Taobao started to introduce social e-commerce services.

It is a trend that traditional e-commerce gradually develops into social e-commerce, said Cheng Xusen, a professor in information management and e-commerce with the University of International Business and Economics.

Social e-commerce is more user-oriented, said Cheng. He believes the user networks enable products to be accurately directed to consumers with strong purchasing power.

Food production increases steadily in China


(Photo/The Economic Daily)

China’s food production has maintained a healthy trend toward stable growth. In 2019, the country’s summer grain output reached 141.8 billion kilograms, underpinning the sufficient supply of major agricultural products.

Stable food production and food safety lay a solid foundation for economic and social development and give the country more confidence to cope with external challenges and risks, said Han Changfu, the Chinese Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.

China’s per capita grain possession now exceeds 470 kilograms, higher than the world’s average. The country’s self-sufficiency rates of rice, wheat, and corn all stand above 98 percent.

China plays an active role in safeguarding global food safety, as the country can feed 20 percent of the world’s population with only 9 percent of the world’s arable land and 6.4 percent of its water resources.

The country has taken various measures to protect farmland, including designating permanent basic cropland, cultivating high-quality farmland and expanding trials in crop rotation.

The country aims to build 800 million mu (53 million hectares) of high-quality farmland by 2020. By the end of 2018, about 640 million mu of high-quality farmland had already been cultivated.

Technology has helped to improve grain production. China has increased technological input, applied modern technologies to farming, such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence, and intensified farmer training. As a result, the overall level of mechanization in plowing, sowing, and harvesting is growing substantially.

Last year, the advances in agricultural science and technology contributed to 58.3 percent of China’s agricultural production. The grain yield per mu increased to 375 kilograms in 2018 from 170 kilograms 40 years ago. Moreover, about 90 percent of China’s agrarian brands are domestically developed.

The country encourages farmers to work together to reduce costs, increase production and embrace the market. Currently, the country has 2.2 million registered agricultural cooperatives. Last year, it allocated 42.8 billion yuan to encourage farming in certain provinces.

China experiences huge changes in transportation, postal services, communication in 70 years

(Photo/Chinanews.com)

On Tuesday, China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) released data revealing the drastic changes the country has made since the founding of the People’s Republic of China 70 years ago, especially after the implementation of reform and opening up in 1978.

According to NBS, China’s total operating mileage of high-speed rails had hit 30,000 kilometers by the end of 2018, accounting for over two-thirds of the global total and ranking first in the world.

The country is also home to 143,000 kilometers of expressways, with an annual growth rate of 25.8 percent. Among the world’s top 10 container ports regarding handling capacity last year, seven were in China.

Over the past 70 years, China has continuously expanded its network of air routes and airports. By the end of 2018, the country had 4,945 regular air routes, 412.1 times the number in 1950.

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the country has also been working hard to improve and reform its postal system. From a country where no express delivery service existed, it has become the world’s largest express delivery market. Statistics indicated that by the end of 2018, the number of postal business outlets stood at 275,000, 10.4 times more than in 1949.

The country handled a total of 5.07 billion postal parcels last year, up from 1.53 million in 1988. The express delivery industry of the country generated revenue of 603.8 billion yuan last year, accounting for 76.4 percent of the total revenue of postal services.

Moreover, China also witnessed considerable improvements in communication. Starting in 2014, the country quickly established the world’s largest and broadest-covering 4G network in just a few years. By the end of 2018, the country had 1.17 billion 4G users, accounting for 74.4 percent of total mobile users.

The number of internet users also grew 40.9 percent annually from 620,000 in 1997 to 830 million in 2018.

China’s construction industry grows rapidly since 1949

China’s construction industry has seen rapid growth since 1949, according to a report issued by the country’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

The output value of the industry totaled 23.5 trillion yuan in 2018, 4,124 times that of 1952. The average annual growth rate reached 13.4 percent, said the report.

The added value accounted for 8.2 percent of the country’s GDP last year, 6.8 percentage points higher than in 1979.

Construction enterprises have increased alongside the booming industry, with more than 1.2 million enterprises in the sector last year.

Meanwhile, corporate strength has improved significantly. In 2018, 69 Chinese mainland companies were included in the list of the top 250 international contractors released by Engineering News-Record (ENR), an American weekly magazine on the construction industry, ranking first among global countries for the fourth time in a row.

The fast-growing industry has boosted employment. By the end of 2018, 55.63 million people were employed in the sector, accounting for 7.2 percent of the nation’s total, an increase of 5.6 percentage points over the 1980 figure.

With the maturing of technologies and an improvement in skills, Chinese enterprises have completed world-class construction projects at home, such as the Three Gorges Dam and the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.

They have also expanded their business overseas. China-Myanmar oil pipelines and the Mohammed VI Bridge in Morocco and other facilities built by Chinese enterprises have won widespread praise in recent years.

China maintains stable employment over the past 70 years: report

China has seen stable employment over the past 70 years, according to a report released on Tuesday by the National Bureau of Statistics.

The report noted that the number of employees increased from 180 million in 1949 to 780 million in 2018, of which 430 million were urban employees, 27.3 times that of 1949.

Job structure also improved. In 1949, urban jobs only accounted for 8.5 percent of all jobs in China, while the proportion of urban employment hit 56 percent in 2018. Last year, employees in the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries accounted for 26.1 percent, 27.6 percent and 46.3 percent, respectively.

The report indicated that non-public sectors have developed into the main channel for urban employment. In 2018, the proportion of urban jobs in non-public sectors increased from 0.2 percent in 1978 to 83.6 percent.

The quality of employment was also significantly improved. The average annual wage for employees in the urban non-private sector increased to 82,461 yuan in 2018, 134 times that of 1978, representing an average yearly increase of 13 percent.

From 2013 to 2018, more than 13 million urban jobs were created every year in China. In addition, the surveyed urban unemployment rate remained at a relatively low level of around 5 percent. The country also confined the registered urban unemployment rate to about 4 percent.

The report further noted that China still needs to work hard to achieve fuller employment and create better quality jobs as it is still an arduous, long-term task.

Cartoon companies facilitate industry development

A poster for Ne Zha (Photo/worker.cn)

October Meng Ma, an animation producer participating in post-production of the animated blockbuster Ne Zha, earned little profit from the film, which brought in 2.8 billion yuan in box office revenue after hitting cinemas.

October Meng Ma and other companies, all based in Suzhou, east China, completed 400 visual effect shots in Ne Zha. These other companies, like October Meng Ma, didn’t make much money.

Industry insiders said that the average profit of each sector of the film and television supply chain is more than 20 percent, but the post-production of special effects hovered in the region of 5 percent.

To climb out of this low-profit dilemma, Suzhou cartoon companies started to produce original animations with the support of investors instead of merely providing post-production services.

Statistics show that China’s animation industry saw 65 financing activities in 2018. Several cartoon producers in the Suzhou Xiangcheng film and television industrial park have raised funds from major enterprises such as Enlight Media and have made over 20 animated cartoons.

“It takes at least three years to design and release an animation. We need to take action to help upgrade the animation industry,” said Qiu Jiawei, head of October Meng Ma.

The Suzhou industrial park has also infused animations into the game industry, with over 100 cartoon game companies bringing an annual output value of 7.5 billion yuan.

Chinese museums see increased demand for cultural and creative products

Chinese museums have seen rapid growth in the market for cultural and creative products in recent years, according to a report released on Thursday.

(Photo/Xinhua)

Statistics from Tmall, China’s largest online retail platform, suggest that the transaction size of creative products with traditional cultural elements in 2019 quadrupled from 2017.

Chinese people are now more confident in their traditional culture with the rapid development of China and the rising of its international status.

Keyword searches related to traditional elements exceeded 12.6 billion on Tmall alone in 2018, the report said.

Online buyers of traditional Hanfu clothing increased by over 100 percent in 2018 compared with the previous year.

The report pointed out that many museums started to develop and sell their own cultural and creative products since the traditional operating model of merely displaying collections couldn’t satisfy the increasing demand.

As a forerunner in cultural innovation, the Palace Museum in Beijing received an income of 1.5 billion yuan by selling creative products back in 2017.

Vegetarian meat mooncakes to hit Chinese market

(Photo/Xinhua)

A mooncake stuffed with vegetarian meat will enter the Chinese market for the first time in September, Chongqing Morning Post reported.

The artificial meat, made from soy protein, is designed to imitate animal meat in its color, smell, taste and texture, said Li Jian, leader of the research team with Beijing Technology and Business University that co-developed the mooncake with Starfield, a plant-based meat brand.

The first batch of 3,000 mooncakes will be sold at Starfield outlets in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, during the Mid-Autumn Festival, which falls on Sept. 13 this year.

About 34.4 percent of the total 44,000 respondents said they would like to try the mooncake, according to a poll conducted on Weibo, a Chinese micro-blogging website.

Replacing animal meat with artificial meat will reduce the consumption of natural resources brought by animal husbandry and guide consumers towards a healthier diet.

Such substitutes are necessary because animal meat can’t suffice the growing global population, which is expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, according to United Nations estimations.