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CPEC & Xinjiang top cornerstones of BRI

By Muhammad Zamir Assadi

CHINESE President Xi Jinping, also General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, recently inspected the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in north-western China and visited officials and the general public of different ethnic groups.

Xi stressed that with the country opening wider to the world, the western region being further developed, and the Belt and Road Initiative being materialized, Xinjiang has changed from a relatively closed inland region to a frontier of opening up.

The region should develop the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt, incorporate its regional opening-up strategy into the overall layout of the country’s westward opening up, innovate the system for an open economy, speed up the construction of major opening-up corridors, so that it can make better use of international and domestic markets and resources and actively serve and integrate itself into the country’s new pattern of development.

BRI is a transcontinental long-term policy and investment program which aims at infrastructure development and acceleration of the economic integration of countries along the route of the historic Silk Road.

The Initiative was unveiled in 2013 by Chinese President Xi Jinping and until 2016, was known as OBOR – One Belt One Road.

On March 28, 2015, the official outline for the Belt and Road Initiative was issued by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), with authorization of the State Council.

According to the official outline, BRI aims to “promote the connectivity of Asian, European and African continents and their adjacent seas, establish and strengthen partnerships among the countries along the Belt and Road, set up all-dimensional, multi-tiered and composite connectivity networks, and realize diversified, independent, balanced and sustainable development in these countries.”

Under the umbrella of the BRI, domestic and foreign financial institutions have been pouring into northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, looking for opportunities under China’s BRI.

Experts say that there are abundant opportunities in the infrastructure sector, as major investment is planned, and that will attract even more companies into Xinjiang.

Xinjiang is the starting point of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which links the region with the Gwadar port in Pakistan. The CPEC is estimated to draw infrastructure investment of $62 billion.

The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region will spend 30 billion Yuan on expanding basic industries and infrastructure, mainly in transport, telecommunications, water conservancy, agriculture, energy development and raw material.

It shows the significance of CPEC as Xinjiang, being a starting point of one of the main corridors of BRI, is focusing on infrastructural development.

The infrastructural development in Xinjiang will complement the construction of CPEC that will hugely benefit the goals and aims of the greater version of the economic corridor.

Pakistan, being a very close neighbour of China and bordering with Xinjiang, has huge potential to get maximum benefits from the infrastructural development of Xinjiang.

Xinjiang is investing on expanding basic industries and infrastructure, mainly in transport, telecommunications, water conservancy, agriculture, energy development and raw material, so Pakistan got the splendid opportunity to take maximum benefits from this development in these specific areas.

The Urumqi International Land Port Area in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is well on its way to become an important growth pole powering the autonomous region’s opening-up and economic development.

By June 2022, the land port area had operated more than 5,900 China-Europe freight train trips via 21 routes linking 26 cities in 19 European and Asian countries and regions. The trains carry over 200 categories of goods, ranging from daily necessities and garments to mechanical equipment and building material.

The Belt and Road Initiative, which initiated a new prospect for China’s opening up, has also provided unprecedented opportunities for Xinjiang which is located at the heart of the ancient Silk Road.

The autonomous region posted over 67.4 billion Yuan in foreign trade value in the first five months of this year, up 30.9 percent year on year.

Pakistan through CPEC may expand its trade linkages with Central Asian and European countries through Xinjiang that offers more quick and affordable trade routes in a more peaceful and sustainable way.

Pakistan may evolve more dynamic strategies and explore more options to expand CPEC through Xinjiang for opening up its trade linkages in a greater way that will be beneficial for the domestic economy and trade boom.

(Muhammad Zamir Assadi is a journalist of Pakistani media outlet Independent News Pakistan.The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Global Times Online)

China’s Sci-Tech Is Going Global

By Chanmolika Seng

China’s new “dual circulation” development paradigm is tremendously reshaping its fast growing industrial system, in particular the advancement of independent innovation capabilities and the breakthrough of core technology. Many countries are competing in this emerging sci-tech revolution, which has significantly driven one’s economic growth. China, the world’s second largest economy, has been striving to transform itself into the fastest tech-innovation nation. China strives to promote its technology industry to the international market and to become an important and dynamic actor on the world stage. Meanwhile, Chinese firms are increasingly utilizing more and more Artificial Intelligence (AI) innovation in their business models.

Founded in early 2000, Baidu is a world-leading AI company with a dynamic focus on technology and innovation. Baidu first launched its platform as a search engine, responding to billions of search queries from more than 100 countries every day. After becoming one of the only four countries to introduce search engines, Baidu kicked off its AI capability development in 2014. It then developed AI voice, images, knowledge graph, and natural language processing. In 2016, Baidu launched an open source deep learning platform with 4 million developers in operation. Other than that, Baidu has been investing in conversational AI operating systems, autonomous driving, and AI chips. Baidu AI Cloud is ranked No. 1 in China’s AI public cloud market and Baidu Apollo represents the best of autonomous driving in China.

Concerning China’s technology competitiveness, Kuaishou, China’s biggest sharing platform, monetizes primarily through sales of virtual gifts, advertising, provision of various forms of online marketing services, and charges for offering e-commerce technology services. Kuaishou launched its first tech product in 2011, “animated images known as GIFs”, and became the first mover in China’s short video industry in 2012. Within two years, Kuaishou gradually transformed its products into a short-film video platform. In 2017, Kuaishou Flagship became the world’s largest single live streaming platform in terms of revenue generated from virtual gifting. In this regard, Kuaishou’s total revenue is RMB 21.1 billion, equivalent to USD 3.16 billion, a year-on-year growth of 23.8%. For the past ten years, Kuaishou’s applications and mini programs in China exceeded 302 million daily active users, while its newly innovated Express platform reached more than 100 million users.

With the massive development of China’s technology industry, Kuaishou and Baidu are playing pivotal roles in bringing China’s innovation to go global, while also representing the new transformation of digital. The two technology companies have become the most widely used platforms in China, and are expanding their growing influences in other regions, including Latin America and some parts of the United States.

As cloud, AI, and Internet grow increasingly integrated, Baidu has formed a new multi-engine growth pattern with investments in frontier AI fields including mobile ecosystem, Baidu AI Cloud, smart transportation, and intelligent driving, delivering strong potential for future development. In addition to Baidu, Kuaishou progressively utilizes machine learning as its core technology in order to build an engaging portal and embrace community for the new generation of digital life.

(Chanmolika Seng is a journalist ofCambodian media outlet Fresh News.The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Global Times Online)

The Chinese Dragon and the African Giant

By Mohamed Saad Kamel

For decades, the African continent has been swimming in complete darkness of ignorance, poverty, wars, and famines. Until this moment, Africa is still suffering despite the development of the world in all respects.

Although the African continent is full of all the ingredients for success in terms of land, nature, and people, the opportunities in Africa have only been exploited by the old colonialists and the modern colonizers who, to this moment, are managing most of Africa through immoral practices and under the pretext of humanity and under the wing of organizations of murder and theft and through partnerships. Some African leaders and politicians benefit from it in cooperation with these colonial countries.

But the China-Africa partnership can benefit from the failures of other partnerships, such as colonial partnerships, which aim only to exploit the natural resources of the African continent by fueling tribal, political, and ethnic conflict. China should continue to support Africa in priority areas, and strengthen the capabilities of African countries to achieve this.

Encouraging countries in various ways to respond to the current demands of the people of an economic nature. Africans should see China as the savior and the true partner for Africa, and they must see that China is a partner that does not have colonial ambitions, but rather that it shares with many other developing countries the same historical background. The People’s Republic of China is a partner that provides important support without any preconditions.

China understands African priorities the most and has a good reputation among African countries in terms of respecting the cultures of other countries.

Today in Beijing 20-21, 2022, China is running a huge economic event through a China-Africa think-tank to promote the spirit of friendship and cooperation between China and Africa on joint action and the global development initiative.

Historically, trade between China and Africa grew by 700% during the 1990s, and China is currently Africa’s largest trading partner.

The China-Africa Cooperation Forum was established in October 2000 as an official forum to closely promote relations. A few Western countries, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, have become concerned about the important political, economic, and military roles that China plays on the African continent.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry also stresses China’s development commitments to Africa, and also states that China and Africa are making “joint efforts to safeguard the legal rights of developing countries, and move forward towards the establishment of a new, equitable and just political and economic order in the world.”

In addition, the Chinese side will support the African integration process and help Africa enhance its capacity for comprehensive development.

It will establish with Africa a partnership on cross-border and cross-regional infrastructure development, support projects related to planning and feasibility studies, and encourage the establishment of Chinese companies and financial institutions to participate in the development of cross-border and regional infrastructure in Africa.

China will also help African countries modernize customs and inspect goods to promote inter-regional trade. The Chinese side will also promote people-to-people friendship, laying a solid foundation for people’s support to promote Sino-African common development. China proposes to carry out the work of “China-Africa People’s Friendship” to support and strengthen exchanges and cooperation between people’s organizations, women, and the youth of the two sides.

China will also launch the “Initiative on China-Africa Cooperative Partnership for Peace and Stability”, deepen cooperation with the African Union and African countries in maintaining peace and security in Africa, and provide financial support for African Union peacekeeping missions and the development of the African Standby Force, in addition to training more security officials and peacekeepers in the African Union.

All these benefits Africa reaps from the Chinese dragon and more, and without any interference in internal politics, and without any military intervention, conspiracies, or support for one party over the other, and the permanent question remains why Africa does not turn to China to form together an indomitable economic and social force.

(Mohamed Saad Kamel is the editor-in-chief of Sudanese media outlet Brown Land News. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Global Times Online.)

 

Younger generation of Chinese consumers develop taste for wider variety of carbonated beverages featuring healthier formulas

(Source: People’s Daily Online)

(Photo/http://epaper.ynet.com/

The younger generation of Chinese consumers today has more expectations when it comes to carbonated beverages. They hope that such beverage options can help them to both cool off on hot days and delight their taste buds while also not causing them to worry about extra calories, according to a survey conducted by a WeChat account that focuses on the various trends in the lives of young people in China.

The survey found that sugar-free and calorie-free carbonated drinks, low-sugar beverages of various kinds, and drinks featuring real fruit juice and milk are more well-received among young people in China than other drinks in the same categories.

Carbonated drinks are the first choice of beverages for more than 60 percent of young Chinese, suggested the survey, which showed that more than 50.3 percent of the respondents drink carbonated drinks at least once a week; 22.5 percent of the surveyed young people reported enjoying such drinks four to six times a week; and 7.7 percent of the respondents drink them more than seven times a week.

Among all the different age groups comprising the younger generation of Chinese people nowadays, the post-2000s group of young people in China favor carbonated beverages the most, with 80 percent of them saying that they enjoy such drinks more than four times a week, according to the survey.

The survey also revealed that the top five factors affecting young people’s choice of carbonated beverages include taste, cost-performance ratio, sugar content, calories, and brand awareness.

More than 90 percent of the surveyed young people hope that the price for a bottle of a carbonated drink is less than 10 yuan (or about $1.49), while nearly 60 percent of the respondents indicated that they hope the price can be kept within 5 yuan, as revealed in the survey.

According to the survey, the three most popular carbonated beverage flavors among young Chinese people are fruit, soda, and milk, in descending order.

 

Chinese, Spanish chefs showcase skills, compare notes at culinary exchange activity

(Source: People’s Daily Online)

An online culinary skills exchange activity is held in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province, and a venue in Madrid, Spain, July 19, 2022. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

Ten students and teachers from the Culinary Arts program of Shenzhen Pengcheng Technician College in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province, and 10 Chinese and Spanish chefs in Madrid, Spain, displayed their culinary skills and held lively discussions on the culinary arts via video link on July 19 at an online exchange activity.

The students and teachers of Shenzhen Pengcheng Technician College cooked classic Cantonese dishes such as dual-colored lobster balls, braised pigeons, crispy fried chicken, sea urchin fried rice, pan fried oysters, swan-shaped crispy durian cakes, and shrimp dumplings.

Chefs in the Madrid venue of the activity cooked classic Chinese and Spanish dishes including giant red shrimps from the Mediterranean Sea with crispy noodles, Spanish rice with squid ink based broth, octopus salad, and Spanish omelets.

A chef showcases her culinary skills at an online culinary skills exchange activity held in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province, and a venue in Madrid, Spain, July 19, 2022. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

The online exchange activity is a vivid example of the efforts Guangdong has been making to elevate the province’s poverty alleviation training program named “Cantonese Cuisine Master” to a new level and establish a platform for showcasing the culture of Cantonese cuisine, said Liu Ying, president of Shenzhen Pengcheng Technician College.

The college will use the online exchange activity as an opportunity to intensify exchanges and cooperation with its foreign counterparts and partners and improve the quality of its talent cultivation programs, Liu said.

Participants at both of the activity’s venues said that such exchange activities can improve their culinary skills and inspire them.

Since its implementation in 2019, the “Cantonese Cuisine Master” program has trained 22,000 people and cultivated nearly 5,000 high-level culinary talents.

A chef showcases his culinary skills at an online culinary skills exchange activity held in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province, and a venue in Madrid, Spain, July 19, 2022. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

Swan-shaped crispy durian cakes. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

Dual-colored lobster balls. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

Braised pigeons. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

Shrimp dumplings. (Photo/Courtesy of Human Resources and Social Security Bureau of Shenzhen)

Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to China:“My dream is to travel all over China”

(Source: People’s Daily Overseas Edition)

François Nkuna Balumuene, Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to China (Haiwainet/Lu Ningyuan)

“I want to go to Shanghai for a week to visit the business and financial sector there. I also want to go to Guangzhou, where many DRC people do business. I also want to go to the major agricultural provinces to learn about China’s advanced agricultural technology. China is a big producer of cars, so I also want to visit the major car-making provinces… My dream is to travel all over China,” François Nkuna Balumuene, the DRC Ambassador to China recently gave a long list of wishes in an interview with People’s Daily Overseas Edition. He said that it is an important task for him as an ambassador to deeply understand China’s development and bring China’s experience back to the DRC.

“The dynamic zero-COVID approach” is responsible to the people

Balomouene arrived in China in February this year to take office. He visited China for the first time in 2008. Talking about China’s changes, Balomouene repeatedly expressed his admiration. He was impressed by what he saw on his journey from Shanghai to Beijing by high-speed train. “There was almost no wasteland along the way. What you saw were bustling cities, large factories, high-rise buildings, highways, railways and power facilities everywhere. These are signs of development.”

The Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, which Balumuene praised, is China’s historical leap from a large country to a strong one in the field of transportation. From 2012 to the end of 2021, China’s railways and highways have increased around 1.1 million kilometers, equivalent to 27.5 times the Earth’s equator. High-speed railways and highways have covered more than 95 percent of the cities with a population of over 200,000. “The speed of infrastructure development in China is astonishing. The efforts of the Chinese people are admirable and they deserve to be a role model for other countries and regions,” Balumuene said.

Balumuene is very optimistic about China’s economic prospects. He said that strong productivity is an important manifestation of China’s strong economic resilience. China boasts its products of various categories and grades and sells them all over the world. China’s economy plays a critical role in the world economy. At present, China is an important engine for the world economic recovery.

Balumuene believes that it is the right choice for China to insist on coordinating epidemic prevention and control with economic development. “According to China’s epidemic prevention regulations, I take nucleic acid tests on time.” Balumuene said that “the dynamic zero-COVID approach” is responsible to the people and the effect is obvious to all. It can eliminate the negative impact of the epidemic on economic and social development to the maximum extent within a short period of time, rather than leaving the development affected by the epidemic. Recently, China’s manufacturing enterprises have accelerated the pace of resuming work and production, which is a positive signal for revitalizing the world economy.

The 25th Chinese peacekeeping medical detachment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) visited the International SOS Children’s Village in Bukavu for International Children’s Day. (Photo/Li Xiaolong)

Looking forward to deepening cooperation with China

China’s steady development has benefited a wide variety of African countries, including the DRC. Balumuene feels deeply about this: “The DRC has great expectations for promoting its own development by deepening cooperation with China.”

In the streets of Kinshasa, the capital of the DRC, one can see landmark buildings of China-DRC cooperation from time to time. Among them, the China-DRC Friendship Hospital, built with aid from China, is one of the most representative medical facilities in the city. “The hospital is located in a large, densely populated neighborhood and provides lots of health services to the DRC people,” he said. “Over the years, China has made concrete and great contribution to the development of the cause of medical work and healthcare in the DRC. From the fight against Ebola to the fight against COVID-19, China has provided support and aid to the DRC, winning the praise of all its people.”

The DRC, renowned as a “geological miracle”, is rich in mineral resources. Led by China’s massive investment, abundant resources have been transformed into advantages for development. According to a report released by Congo Challenge, a DRC think tank, China-DRC mining cooperation has played a key role in developing the its economy, creating jobs and improving people’s livelihood. Balumuene said that China is the biggest investor in the DRC’s mining sector and that cooperation between the two countries in the sector is essential to unleashing the DRC’s development potential. Talking about some Western media attacks on mining cooperation between the two countries, Balumuene said: “Certain Western countries once occupied the African continent for long periods of time, but see what the African people have been left with. And now they smear Africa-China cooperation – out of jealousy and on no basis of facts. There is no need to waste time on this. Instead we should work together and move forward hand in hand. ”

Balumuene believes that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) provides a great opportunity for the DRC and China to expand areas of cooperation. He said that the DRC is the second largest country in Africa, and its forest resources, area of arable land and water resources rank first-tier in the world. The Congo River is the world’s second biggest river, second only to the Amazon River in terms of discharge. “The DRC has the potential to become the ‘locomotive’ of economic development on the African continent and this goal will be achieved to a large extent through cooperation with China,” he said. Balumuene said that the DRC attaches great importance to the implementation of projects under BRI and hopes that they will bring benefits to the DRC people. China’s actions have shown that it is helping Africa achieve industrialization and economic and social development. Africa needs to find its way to prosperity through cooperation with China.

Wood carving artwork in the DRC. (Photo courtesy of the Embassy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in China)

“China’s infrastructure is world-class”

Balumuene sees experiences of development as well as opportunities from China. “China’s path has inspired many developing countries and the case of China’s development is attractive to us,” he said. “My mission in China is to see and learn more from China’s experiences of development in order to benefit our DRC people,” Balumuene said.

The upcoming 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (20th NCCPC) this year is an important window for the international community to further understand China. “As Congolese and Africans, we also look forward to the 20th NCCPC.” Balumuene believes that the 20th NCCPC will provide a strong impetus for China to build a modern socialist country in all respects and further enhance China’s international influence.

Balumuene is strongly interested in the way China has modernized its agriculture and rural areas. In the past few decades, China has transformed from “struggling for food” to the world’s No.1 grain producer. “I am reading relevant materials to study the development of China’s agricultural industry, another experience we need to borrow from China.” He said that agriculture is an area they should prioritize in cooperation between the two countries. The DRC also hopes to become a big grain producer like China and achieve the goal of exporting grain for foreign exchange.

China’s building of a modern infrastructure system is also an important object of observation for Balumuene to understand China. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge has set a number of world’s firsts. The Baihetan Hydropower Station is the largest and most technically difficult hydropower project under construction in the world. China’s mobile network has made leaps and bounds in making breakthroughs of 3G, synchronizing with 4G and leading the world in 5G. One achievement after another shows the world China’s accelerated pace towards an infrastructure power. “China’s infrastructure is world-class.” Balumuene said the DRC has a big gap in infrastructure but it has launched a big number of major infrastructure projects, adding that whether it be highways, airports or ports, the DRC needs to learn from China’s experience to diversify the country’s economy.

Standing Committee of Political Bureau of CPC Central Committee convenes meeting on COVID-19 situation and better and more stringent epidemic prevention and control

(Source: Xinhua)

The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee convened a meeting on March 17 to analyze the new development of COVID-19 and arrange for better and more stringent epidemic control. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting and delivered an important speech.

Xi pointed out that China has maintained the policy of “preventing imported cases and domestic resurgences” since routine prevention and control measures were adopted. Xi said that differentiated and targeted prevention and control approach has been improved in accordance with situations in different regions and the levels of sporadic resurgence, and as a result, clusters of infections in certain regions have been swiftly brought under control and people’s health and safety have been protected to the utmost. He said that China has done better than most countries in both economic development and COVID-19 containment, which has demonstrated the country’s solid strength and capacity in the prevention and control of the epidemic and the advantages of the leadership of the Communist Party of China and of China’s socialist system.

Victory comes from perseverance, Xi stressed. All local authorities and government departments must be fully aware of the complex, arduous and enduring nature of COVID-19 control both at home and abroad, further social mobilization, build consensus, proceed with greater confidence and perseverance, and carry out all the epidemic control work in a more solid and meticulous manner. He urged them to always put people and their lives first, adhere to the dynamic zero-COVID approach with science-based and targeted measures, and contain the spread of the virus as soon as possible. Efforts must be taken to make epidemic response more science-based and targeted, keep optimizing our response measures, and step up the research and development of vaccines, rapid testing reagents, and medicines, so that the epidemic control work will be more targeted. Xi also called for maintaining strategic focus, pursuing progress while ensuring stability, coordinating COVID-19 response with economic and social development, adopting more effective measures, striving to achieve the best results in epidemic control with minimum costs, and minimizing the epidemic’s impact on the economic and social development.

The Standing Committee pointed out at the meeting that the country has recently seen cluster infections spreading widely and occurring frequently in multiple regions. It required that the local governments, epidemic control authorities, all organizations and individuals must fully take on their responsibilities, comply with the principle of “early detection, early reporting, early quarantine and early treatment” and conduct prevention and control work strictly and earnestly. Guidance for epidemic prevention and control in key regions must also be strengthened to bring local outbreaks under control as soon as possible.

The Standing Committee stressed that we need to keep people’s normal work and life stable and orderly, guarantee the production and supply of daily necessities, and meet people’s needs for medical treatment. We need to accelerate reforms on the disease control and prevention system, expand monitoring coverage of key groups, and improve the mechanism for monitoring and issuing early warnings through multiple channels so as to comprehensively boost epidemic monitoring, early warning and emergency response capabilities. We will see that port-of-entry areas fulfill their responsibilities for COVID-19 control, increase the resources at their disposal, improve the mechanism for routine epidemic control, and shore up weak links. With all these efforts, we will reinforce the line of defense against imported cases.

We need to strengthen routine epidemic control in schools and other key places. We will see that these key places shoulder their primary responsibilities and keep epidemic containment measures and contingency plans effective and meticulous. We need to work to get our officials and people fully understand the importance of epidemic control and grasp the knowledge about COVID-19 response, so that they can take the initiative in following epidemic prevention rules, strengthen self-protection and work together with the Party and the government to deliver good outcomes in their work. We will increase publicity to raise vaccination awareness, step up booster vaccination efforts and further raise the overall vaccination rates. With all these efforts, we will reinforce the line of defense featuring society-wide prevention and control. We need to take coordinated efforts to better our information publishing and communication work so as to keep the public informed in a timely manner on the latest epidemic situation and progress in COVID-19 response, and actively respond to public concerns.

The Standing Committee requested that all localities and all departments align their thinking and action with the decisions and plans of the Party Central Committee, both Party committees and governments assume responsibility, all sectors work together, and everyone holds the ground and meets one’s responsibility, so as to bolster our epidemic prevention capability. While strengthening organization and leadership, we must not drop our guard, lose drive, take chances or slacken efforts, and we must seize every moment to carry out all epidemic control work in a solid and meticulous manner. Wherever the epidemic situation is serious, the principal leaders of the Party and the government as well as officials at all levels must give top priority to epidemic response and put in their utmost effort to secure the final victory. Party organizations at all levels and all their members and officials should fully play their role, go to the frontline of epidemic control, communicate with the general public, and take active measures to help resolve problems and difficulties for our people. Accountability inspections will be strengthened. Anyone who fails to perform their duties and responsibilities and thus leads to a drastic escalation will be investigated and held to account right away in accordance with discipline and regulations.

Other matters were also discussed at the meeting.

China having prior knowledge of, supporting Ukraine war “purely disinformation”: Chinese ambassador to U.S.

(Source: Xinhua)

China did not know in advance about Russia’s plan for a military operation against Ukraine, nor did Beijing support it, wrote Qin Gang, the Chinese ambassador to the United States, in an opinion piece appearing Tuesday in The Washington Post.

“Let me say this responsibly: Assertions that China knew about, acquiesced to or tacitly supported this war are purely disinformation,” Qin said in the article, which he said aims to explain “fully” to the American people China’s stance on the Ukraine conflict and “dispel any misunderstandings and rumors.”

“All these claims serve only the purpose of shifting blame to and slinging mud at China,” the ambassador said.

Noting that there were over 6,000 Chinese citizens in Ukraine and that China is the biggest trading partner of both Ukraine and Russia, Qin said that conflict between Russia and Ukraine “does no good for China” and that China would have tried its best to prevent the war had it known about it in advance.

“On Ukraine, China’s position is objective and impartial,” the ambassador said. “The purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter must be fully observed; the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, including Ukraine, must be respected; the legitimate security concerns of all countries must be taken seriously; and all efforts that are conducive to the peaceful settlement of the crisis must be supported.”

Regarding threats from some U.S. officials about sanctioning Chinese entities and businesses in a scenario — purported by Washington — where China provides assistance to Russia, Qin said the threats are unacceptable.

“Neither war nor sanctions can deliver peace. Wielding the baton of sanctions at Chinese companies while seeking China’s support and cooperation simply won’t work,” he said.

The ambassador also denounced those who have been trying to link the Ukraine crisis with the Taiwan question, saying doing so “is a mistake” and the two “are totally different things.”

“Ukraine is a sovereign state, while Taiwan is an inseparable part of China’s territory. The Taiwan question is a Chinese internal affair. It does not make sense for people to emphasize the principle of sovereignty on Ukraine while hurting China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity on Taiwan,” Qin said.

The ambassador reiterated China’s resolve for national reunification, saying China is “committed to peaceful reunification, but we also retain all options to curb ‘Taiwan independence.'”

“We hope the United States earnestly abides by the one-China principle and does not support “Taiwan independence” separatism in any form. To ensure long-term peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, China and the United States must work together to contain ‘Taiwan independence,'” he said.

Qin also highlighted China’s efforts to push for peace talks between Ukraine and Russia and prevent a humanitarian crisis induced by the conflict.

The long-term peace and stability of Europe, the veteran diplomat said, “relies on the principle of indivisible security,” adding that China, whose ultimate purpose in the ongoing crisis is to seek an end to the war and support regional and global stability, “will continue to coordinate real efforts to achieve lasting peace.”

Xi visits CPPCC members in sectors of agriculture, welfare and social security

President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visits national political advisors from the sectors of agriculture and welfare and social security, who are attending the fifth session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), in Beijing, March 6, 2022. [Photo/Xinhua]
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, president of the People’s Republic of China and chairman of the Central Military Commission, on Sunday visited national political advisors from the sectors of agriculture, welfare and social security, who are attending the fifth session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Xi participated in their joint group meeting, and listened to their comments and suggestions.

Xi stressed that the supply of major agricultural products, the supply of grain in particular, must be secured as the top priority, and upgrading the comprehensive capacity for agricultural production must be placed in an even more prominent position. The agricultural production strategy based on farmland management and application of technology must be carried out to the letter. Continued efforts must be made to promote the high-quality development of social security, and a better social safety net must be further developed to secure the wellbeing of the people.

International Women’s Day is around the corner. On behalf of the CPC Central Committee, Xi sent sincere greetings and best wishes to female deputies to the 13th National People’s Congress and female members of the 13th CPPCC National Committee as well as women workers at the two sessions and to women of all ethnic groups in all walks of life on the Chinese mainland, in Hong Kong, Macao and in Taiwan and also to all women compatriots overseas.

Wang Yang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and chairman of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, participated in the visit and the meeting.

Members Yang Fengji, Wang Jing, Tang Junjie, Mo Rong, Yeshe Dawa, Wan Jianmin and Wang Haijing gave their opinions and suggestions on topics concerning the development of industries in rural areas, and reinforcement of the foundation for securing the quality of agricultural products. They also talked about how efforts should be made to promote innovation in the development of the seed industry, to address the deficiency of social security system, to advance the sustainable development of social welfare, to promote the modernization of agriculture and rural areas and to mobilize all social forces to strive for prosperity for all.

Having listened to their opinions and suggestions, Xi delivered an important speech. Xi said that he was happy to visit CPPCC members in the sectors of agriculture, welfare and social security and participate in the joint group meeting. On behalf of the CPC Central Committee, Xi gave sincere regards to all CPPCC members present, to all CPPCC members elsewhere, and to all those working in the sectors of agriculture, welfare and social security.

In the past year, Xi noted, faced with a grim and complex international situation and formidable tasks of advancing reform and development while maintaining stability, particularly under the grave impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the CPC Central Committee has united and led the whole Party and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to rise to the challenges and fight tenaciously and have accomplished many endeavors. We solemnly celebrated the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party, and won the critical battle against poverty and completed the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects on schedule. China has embarked on a new journey toward the second centenary goal of fully building a modern socialist country, attained major achievements in the pursuit of the cause of the Party and the country, and got the 14th Five-Year Plan off to a good start. These hard-won achievements were the result of the tenacity of the entire Party and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, as well as the concerted efforts of all CPPCC members, he said.

Xi stressed that at present, the state of global affairs is continuing to go through profound and complex changes. The world is experiencing the combined impact of major changes and a pandemic both unseen in a century, as competition among major countries is increasingly intense, and economic globalization is facing headwinds. The world has entered a new period of turbulence and transformation, while domestically, the tasks related to reform, development and stability remain arduous. However, we need to take note of the strategically favorable conditions for China’s development.

First of all, the strong leadership of the CPC. By exercising overall leadership and coordinating work in all areas, the Party’s leadership has provided fundamental political guarantee for responding to the various major risks calmly.

Second, the marked institutional strengths of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Through practices such as responding to COVID-19 and winning the battle against poverty, the strengths of China’s political and governance systems have become more evident. Order in China stands in stark contrast with disorder in the West.

Third, the solid foundation laid by China’s sustained and rapid development. With significant improvements being made to its economic, scientific, defense and comprehensive strengths, China is now a large economy with a massive domestic market and ample room for adjustments. The country enjoys strong resilience and vitality, and the fundamentals sustaining its long-term economic growth remain unchanged.

Fourth, the long-term social stability. The Chinese people have gained a much stronger sense of fulfillment, happiness and security. Notable advancement has been made in China’s capacity of social governance, and its miracle of long-term social stability has continued.

Fifth, the spirit of self-confidence and self-reliance. The enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the Chinese people have been further unleashed, and they are more proud, confident, and assured than ever before. The whole Party, the armed forces, and all Chinese people are high-spirited.

We should face the difficulties squarely while remaining confident, give full play to the historical initiative, rise to the challenges, have the courage to fight, and keep striving forward boldly to embrace the convening of the 20th National Congress of the CPC with concrete action, said Xi.

Food security is among a country’s most fundamental interests, Xi said. Of all things, eating matters most, and food is the most basic necessity of the people. Through enormous efforts, China is capable of feeding one fifth of the global population with nine percent of the world’s arable land and six percent of the freshwater resources. Seven decades ago, the country had an underfed population of 400 million, but today its 1.4 billion people are eating well with a great range of choices. This is a powerful answer to the question “Who will feed China?”

Stressing that the hard-won results should be consolidated and expanded, Xi urged against slacking off on the food security issue. Despite China’s industrialization, food supply should never be considered an insignificant issue, and we cannot rely solely on the international market to solve it. China should be well-prepared, remain vigilant on food security, and adhere to the principle of self-sufficiency based on domestic grain production, guaranteed production capacity, moderate food imports and technological support.

Xi stressed that the mechanism under which responsibilities for food security are assigned equally to both Party committees and governments should be fully enforced, that the assessment of responsibility system for food security should be strict, and that major agricultural production and sales areas as well as areas where agricultural production and sales are balanced should work together to ensure food supply and take responsibilities. The overall arrangement should be optimized by stabilizing the production of grain and corn while expanding the planting of soybean and oil seed crops, so as to ensure that the annual grain output remains above 650 million metric tons and that domestic grains play a main role in ensuring the food supply for the Chinese people. The farmers’ enthusiasm to grow crops should be protected, and appropriately scaled agricultural operations should be developed, so that farmers will be able to gain increasing benefits. Stopping food waste in the catering industry is a long-term task, and we must make persistent efforts and work to build a resource-conserving society.

Xi pointed out that farmland is the lifeline of grain production and the foundation of the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. Farmland is for farming and can only be used to grow crops, especially grain crops. The strictest possible system for the protection of farmland must be implemented, the regulation over the use of farmland should be strengthened, cultivated land used for other purposes should be offset in a regulated way, how transferred land rights are used should be placed under strict supervision, idle land should be put into better use, and any attempt to use the farmland for purposes other than agriculture and specifically grain production should be resolutely stopped. All of the farmland must remain fertile. Agricultural belts for national food security will be established, farmland irrigation and water conservancy will be further improved, projects conserving chernozem soil will be implemented, and saline-alkali land will be transformed on a categorized basis, so as to develop about 66.7 million hectares of high-quality farmland. Measures to protect farmland must have teeth. Local party committees and governments at all levels should be held strictly accountable for farmland protection. The central authorities will make all the local authorities pledge themselves to protect farmland, assessment on officials must be strict, and anyone who ever break farmland protection rules will be held accountable throughout their lifetime, so as to ensure that China’s total of 120 million hectares of farmland is a reliable figure.

Xi stressed that science and technology are key to food security. The security of germplasm resources is related to national security, meaning we must be determined to develop our country’s seed industry so as to increase self-reliance in seed technology and ensure that the country’s seed resources are self-supporting and under better control. We should take advantage of our institutional strengths, allocate advantageous resources in a down-to-earth manner, promote the establishment of a major innovation platform at national level for the seed industry, accelerate basic and frontline research, strengthen the collection, protection, development and use of seed resources, and speed up the industrialization of bio-breeding. The reform of the agricultural scientific mechanism should be furthered, the principal role of enterprises in innovation should be strengthened, and the systems for identifying seed varieties and protecting intellectual property rights should be upgraded to promote the high-quality development of our country’s seed industry based on innovation chains.

Xi pointed out, we should adopt a “Greater Food” approach, and, with the aim of better satisfying the people’s needs for a better life, grasp the changes in people’s food structure. While ensuring grain supply, we must also guarantee an effective supply of various foods including meat, vegetables, fruits and aquatic products. None of them should be lacking.

While protecting the ecology and environment, we should shift our focus from farmland only to the whole country’s land resources to develop, in line with their specific conditions, grain production, agribusiness, animal husbandry, fishing or forestry. As a result, we could put in place the production structure and regional layout for modern agriculture that are commensurate with market demands and the bearing capacities of resources and the environment. We can harvest food from forests, from rivers, lakes and seas, and from protected agriculture. Apart from traditional crops and livestock and poultry resources, we should exploit biological resources. By developing biological science and technology and bio-industries, we can obtain calories and protein from plants, animals and microorganisms.

We should proactively advance the supply-side structural reform in agriculture, employ multiple means to develop food resources in all respects and produce a rich variety of food items so that we can achieve food supply-and-demand balance and better meet the increasingly diverse food consumption needs of the people.

Xi stressed that in advancing rural revitalization we should not just focus on economic development. We must also make efforts to build stronger primary-level Party organizations in rural areas, and attach high importance to raising farmers’ intellectual and moral standards. We must pay special attention to promoting the rule of law in rural areas, improve rural governance, and enhance self-governance by villagers. We should give full play to village rules, code of conduct for villagers and family values to foster civility and pass on fine family traditions among rural people. We should improve the regularized mechanism for combating organized crime and rooting out local gangs in rural areas, and continuously crack down on organized and clan criminals. We should punish, in accordance with law, pornography, gambling, and drug-related crimes and illegal and criminal offenses against women and children in rural areas .

Xi noted that the largest social safety net of the world has been set up in China. It is important to make continued efforts to promote high-quality development of social security, maintain overall institutional integrity and standards, and develop a multi-tiered, multi-pillar old-age insurance system to put more people under our social safety net. We should refine the social security system for people in flexible employment, and expand the coverage of unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation and maternity insurance, to ensure more equitable institutional arrangements, a full coverage, and a solid bedrock of the people’s wellbeing. We should also improve the supervision system for social security funds, and crack down hard on all types of fraud, embezzlement, misappropriation and other illegal activities related to social insurance funds. Every cent of our people’s retirement money and lifeline fund must be well-protected.

When it comes to the wellbeing of the public, there is no such thing as a trivial matter, Xi stressed. We must give extra attention and care to the people in difficulty, to help them resolve problems. We should further reform the social assistance system, and work for a comprehensive, effective, multi-tiered and multi-category social assistance framework centered on basic living assistance, special assistance and emergency assistance. The framework is also supplemented by non-government resources. Targeted measures will be adopted to meet specific features and requirements of people with extreme difficulties, all assistance payments will be made on time and in full, and temporary assistance will be strengthened, to ensure that the basic needs of all those in need are satisfied.

We should shore up weak links in social welfare in rural areas, and give particular attention and care to disadvantaged groups such as elderly people and children, especially elderly people, children, and women left behind in rural areas. We should also provide greater assistance and support to people hit hard by epidemic or natural disasters, ensure rehabilitation, education, and employment for people with disabilities, guarantee the safety and basic living needs of vagrants and beggars, ensure support and care for people with mental illness, and take resolute steps to stop mistreatment of women, children, elderly people and people with disabilities.

Ding Xuexiang, Zhang Qingli, Li Bin, Wang Yongqing and Gu Shengzu also participated in the meeting.

Xi Jinping attends deliberation of Inner Mongolia delegation at Fifth Session of 13th National People’s Congress

Chinese President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, takes part in a deliberation with his fellow deputies from the delegation of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, at the fifth session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) in Beijing, capital of China, March 5, 2022. (Xinhua/Li Tao)

BEIJING, March 5 (Xinhua) — Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), President of the People’s Republic of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, participated in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region delegation’s deliberation at the Fifth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress on Saturday.

Xi himself is a member of the delegation. He stressed that ethnic unity is the lifeline of all ethnic groups in the country and a strong sense of community is key to ethnic unity. Efforts must be made to strengthen such sense by furthering education on ethnic unity, he added. Efforts should also be made to let people cultivate the awareness that people from all ethnicities are in the same community, where they share weal and woe, stick together in life and death, Xi said. Seeds in a pomegranate are what Xi used to describe how all ethnic groups can stick together as long as the sense of Chinese nation as a community being the foundation for ethnic unity can be laid. Only with ethnic unity will people from all ethnic groups join hands in building our country, Xi said. A stable and healthy economic environment is important, and so is social stability and political integrity. Ethnic unity is essential to all these, Xi said. We must do a good job in all areas to greet the convening of the 20th National Congress of the CPC, he said.

The atmosphere was warm and active in the delegation’s panel deliberation. Deputies Zhang Lei, Guo Yanling, Jia Run’an, Wang Xiaohong, Feng Yanli, Zhao Huijie and Shi Yudong shared their opinions with others on how the new development philosophy can be carried out in an accurate, extensive and down-to-earth manner in the conservation of grassland ecology. They also talked about how the philosophy can be materialized in furthering the coal chemical industry to contribute to carbon emissions peaking and carbon neutrality. Cultivating a sense of community for the Chinese nation can be integrated into the entire process of school education, they said. High-quality development, rural revitalization and better development of the dairy industry are also topics they talked about. Xi took down notes of what they said and once in a while would put in a word.

Having listened carefully to the deputies, Xi made a speech. First, he expressed approval of the Report on the Work of the Government and recognition of Inner Mongolia’s work in the past year. He hoped that the people in Inner Mongolia would resolutely implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee, coordinate efforts in epidemic control and economic and social development, unswervingly follow the path of high-quality development that prioritizes ecological conservation and pursues green development, and fully fulfill their political responsibilities of safeguarding national ecological, energy, food and industrial security. He also hoped the region would forge a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation, push forward the full and rigorous self-governance of the Party, add more charm to the northern border region, and write a new chapter of high-quality development in the new era.

In 2021, China has made comprehensive advancements in reform, development and stability, with new and major achievements attained in the pursuit of the cause of the Party and the country, Xi noted. The CPC has solemnly celebrated the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Party, carried out the initiatives to study the Party’s history, held the sixth plenary session of its 19th Central Committee, and adopted a resolution on the Party’s historical experience and achievements over the past century. Having won the critical battle against poverty and completed the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects on schedule, China is striding forward on a new journey toward the second centenary goal of fully building a modern socialist country. Always putting the people and their lives first, China has guarded against both imported COVID-19 cases and domestic resurgences, and adhered to a dynamic zero-COVID approach in a science-based and targeted way. While ensuring constant efforts on routine epidemic prevention and control, China has maintained a leading position in both economic growth rate and epidemic control globally, and got the 14th Five-Year Plan off to a good start. China has also successfully hosted the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games by presenting a simple, safe and splendid event to the world. The Chinese athletes strived and achieved the country’s best-ever results at the Winter Games. These achievements bear a great significance to the pursuit of the cause of the Party and the country.

Xi Jinping stressed that, in reviewing the Party and the people’s endeavors in the new era, we have acquired a stronger understanding of the following:

First of all, upholding the overall Party leadership is the path we must take to stick to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. As long as we unswervingly uphold the overall Party leadership and safeguard the Party Central Committee’s authority and centralized, unified leadership, we will definitely be able to ensure that the whole Party and the country have the strong political cohesiveness to unite the people to work together, develop confidence, bring together the strong power of innovation on the basis of what has been done in the past and unity as one to surmount all difficulties, and form an anchor for the nation in the face of adversity.

Second, socialism with Chinese characteristics is the path we must take to realize the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. As long as we unwaveringly keep to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we will definitely be able to consistently see our people realize their aspirations for a better life and promote common prosperity for all the people.

Third, working hard in unity is the path the Chinese people must take to make historic achievements. As long as the people from all ethnic groups across the country, under the Party’s leadership, unite together with one heart and one mind and bravely and readily stand out for ourselves, we will definitely be able to overcome all the difficulties and challenges on our road ahead, and continue to create new impressive miracles.

Fourth, putting into practice our new development philosophy is the path we must take to develop our country into a strong nation in the new era. As long as we apply the new development philosophy in full, in the right way and in all fields of endeavor, accelerate efforts to create a new development pattern, promote high-quality development and speed up strengthening our country’s science and technology capacity, we will definitely be able to consistently improve the competitiveness and sustainability of our country’s development, seize the initiative and embrace a good future in the increasingly fierce global competition.

Fifth, exercising full and rigorous self-governance of the Party is the path we must take to maintain the Party’s vigor and vitality and ensure its success on the new journey. China’s success hinges on the Party and its self-governance. As long as we make great efforts to carry forward the great founding spirit of the Party, stay true to our founding mission, have the courage to reform ourselves, consistently remove all elements that harm the Party’s advanced nature and integrity and eliminate all viruses that erode its health, we will definitely be able to ensure that the Party preserves its essence, color and character.

Xi pointed out that China is a unified nation of many ethnic groups. Only when all ethnic groups live in unity and harmony can there be a prosperous country, a stable society and a happy people. Without ethnic unity and harmony, the country would decline, society would be destabilized and the people would suffer. The CPC Central Committee has made fostering a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation the main task in its work related to ethnic affairs in the new era. It is a major decision made to maintain the great unity of the Chinese nation and to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. It is also an important conclusion drawn from a thorough review of the historical experience and lessons.

Xi stressed that what Inner Mongolia has achieved today is the results of the concerted efforts of people of all ethnic groups, and the bright future of the autonomous region would not be achieved without the unity and hard work of people of all ethnic groups. To foster a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation, we should not only deliver work that can be seen and felt, but also make much “inconspicuous and subtle” efforts. In order to foster a shared sense of belonging for the Chinese nation and to promote exchanges, interactions and integration among different ethnic groups, we should do various concrete and detailed work that can be seen and felt and be effective. Officials of all ethnic groups should fully comprehend and carry out the Party’s ethnic theories and policies, and always bear in mind the overall work of the Party and the country and the overall interests of the Chinese nation when contemplating a problem, making a decision and doing their work. Any work that is conducive to fostering a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation should be done in a thorough, detailed and concrete manner. Any activity that is harmful to fostering such sense should be resolutely forbidden.

The requirements for fostering a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation should be carried out in relevant fields across the whole autonomous region, including historical and cultural education and publicity, construction of public cultural infrastructure and urban landmark structures, and exhibitions and displays in tourism sites. The relationship between the Chinese culture and the culture of an ethnic group must be dealt with properly. With all these efforts, we can lay a solid theoretical and cultural foundation for fostering a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation.

Xi pointed out that Inner Mongolia, as a border area with a large ethnic minority population, shoulders a major responsibility for safeguarding ethnic solidarity and the stability of our border. We should tell big pictures from observing details, be more mindful of difficulties ahead, maintain a strategic perspective, and take effective measures to guard against all types of risks and hidden dangers in the work related to ethnic affairs and ensure the security and stability on the north border of our country.

Xi also stressed that it is essential to respond to the COVID-19 and pursue economic and social development in a well-coordinated way. We should put into effect all measures for routine epidemic prevention and control, improve the mechanisms for routine containment and emergency response, give priority to epidemic control at port-of-entry areas, and ensure that no large-scale resurgences arise. We will take proactive and prudent steps to advance carbon emissions peaking and carbon neutrality initiatives. In light of our country’s energy situation rich in coal and poor in oil and gas resources, we should act on the national plans and arrangements for carbon emissions peaking and carbon neutrality, apply systems thinking, stay committed to the principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability step by step, and coordinate efforts to reduce carbon emissions, address pollution, promote green development, and maintain continued growth. When carrying out carbon reductions, we must also ensure the security of energy, food, and industrial and supply chains, as well as the normal life and work of our people. We must not distant ourselves from realities and rush for quick results.

With the attitude and resolve to persevere in the never-ending fight against corruption, we have made integrated efforts to see that officials do not have the opportunity, desire, or audacity to engage in corruption. We remain firm in fighting corruption, removing its roots, and clearing away its negative influence. We will make strictly carrying out intra-Party political activities as the basic groundwork for further ensuring full and rigorous self-governance of the Party, and work faster to ensure intra-Party political activities are carried out in a healthy and procedure-based way, Xi said.

We will consolidate what we have achieved in studying the history of the CPC, set up long-term institutions, and educate and guide Party members and officials in taking the study and application of the CPC history as a lifelong compulsory task. We will remain confident in our history, raise our political awareness, carry forward the great founding spirit of the CPC, and forge ahead with confident strides on the new journey and make still greater achievements in the new era, Xi said.