Work together for green Belt and Road

Photo shows wind power equipment to be shipped to Chile at the Lianyungang Port in Lianyungang city, east China’s Jiangsu province through the Maritime Silk Road in November. (Photo by Wang Chun/People’s Daily Online)

In recent years, projects of cooperation in environmental protection technologies and green industry have been implemented in the joint pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

To build a green Belt and Road, China has worked with relevant countries to enhance cooperation in conserving the environment, protecting biodiversity and tackling climate change, launch green infrastructure projects, make green investment and provide green financing.

According to data released by the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, in the first half of 2020, the share of renewable energy investments was higher than that of fossil fuel energy investments in Belt and Road projects.

Fabiano Faria is a manager of the second phase of the Belo Monte 800KV ultra-high voltage (UHV) direct current transmission project in Brazil.

Boarding a helicopter with his binoculars and digital camera, Faria and his colleagues flew a total of 67 hours in 12 days to inspect the 2,500-kilometer transmission line built by the State Grid Corporation of China.

The line transmits clean electricity from the Amazon Basin in northern Brazil to the populous south, crossing dense forests, vast plantations and rolling mountains.

During the construction of the project, the Chinese company employed over 600 plant and animal experts for the environmental protection work to minimize the impact of the project on the environment, Faria said.

“The iron towers are tall so as not to hurt the trees. Moreover, the experts also did a good job in restoring the environment such as soil stabilization and reforestation,” he introduced.

Since it started operation one year ago, the longest 800kV UHV transmission line in the world has met the electricity needs of about 22 million people, playing a vital role in promoting Brazil’s economic growth and the pursuit of green energy.

On the reddish-brown hills of the Great Karoo Plateau in southern South Africa, white wind turbines operate slowly to generate electricity that can meet the needs of the nearby De Aar.

As the largest wind power project in South Africa, it generates about 760 million kWh of green power for the area each year, saving 215,800 tons of standard coal and reducing 619,900 tons of carbon dioxide emissions each year. It is expected to meet the electricity demand of 300,000 local households.

Photo shows 15 newly-installed wind power generator sets spanning over 20 kilometers in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. (Photo by He Huawen/People’s Daily Online)

Senior South African diplomat Gert Grobler pointed out that South Africa, a major electricity producing nation in Africa, generates 40 percent of all electricity on the continent, but over 90 percent of the country’s electricity is produced from coal.

The new energy project undertaken by a Chinese company is changing the energy structure of South Africa, the diplomat said, adding that the project also conforms to the country’s national plan of reducing its dependence on thermal power and developing clean energy, thus making important contributions to promoting green development in Africa.

In Britain, the largest energy storage project in Europe developed by China Huaneng Group Co., Ltd.—the British Mendi Battery Energy Storage Project began cold state commissioning on Aug. 25. This marked the project’s entry into the final stage of development and it is scheduled to be put into commercial operation by the end of the year.

Britain has witnessed rapid development of renewable energy, but it still faces the intermittent and volatility of power output. After its completion, the Mendi battery energy storage project will mainly participate in peak shaving and frequency modulation, fast frequency response, black start, capacity market and other services of the British power market.

The project can also provide emergency support power supply in the event of an accident in the country’s major power grid and improve the safety and stability of power system operation.

The European Union (EU) and China enjoy great cooperation potential in specific emission reduction targets and post-epidemic economic recovery, and even in accelerating the transition to a greener global economy, said Lutz Weischer, head of International Climate Policy at Germany’s environmental organization Germanwatch.

China is vigorously advancing ecological progress, and EU-China green cooperation will lead the world’s green cooperation and development, Weischer noted.

The 2020 Belt and Road International Regatta opens in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. A total of 16 sailing teams from various countries and regions, all of whom are representing the highest level of J80 Class, participate in the Regatta. (Photo by Li Junguang/People’s Daily Online)

“By advocating green development, Belt and Road projects have promoted sustainable local production practices,” said Marcos Freitas, head of the International Virtual Institute for Global Change under the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.

Freitas added that China has actively advocated the concept of eco-friendly development in the joint pursuit of the BRI, and the building of a green Silk Road has become an important measure to implement the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and gained broad support.

China sees 888 million online video users

A live stream host demonstrates the products in a studio during the 2020 China Yiwu Network Broadcast and Short Video Industry Expo that kicked off in Yiwu, east China’s Zhejiang province, on Sept. 26. (Photo by Gong Xianming/People’s Daily Online)

As of June 2020, the number of online video users in China reached 888 million, accounting for 94.5 percent of the total Internet users of the country, data suggest.

Standing in the middle of a whirlwind, the online video industry is witnessing more forms of communication and gathering momentum.

Various forms of online videos, including live broadcasts, original video blogs and colorful short videos, are vivid expressions of people’s daily life.

From the perspective of economic and social development, videos are not only meant for leisure and recreation, but also for creating value. They are both a carrier of information and a production factor.

The development and growth of the video industry have not only signaled its improving communication means and interaction ways, but generated new development opportunities for other industries.

During the COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control, online videos have been integrated with education, breaking the limitations on time and space of traditional educational resources and realizing the innovation of teaching methods.

Zhang Zhen, a student at a primary school in Yuquan district, Hohhot, north China’s Inner Mongolia autonomous region, and his sister take an online P.E. class, Mar. 9. (Photo by Ding Genhou/People’s Daily Online)

Online videos combined with health care have facilitated the development of Internet medical platforms and provided an easier access to medical consultations for people.

When connected with e-commerce, online videos have reshaped the consumption chain and driven the emergence of online shopping.

Meanwhile, “online videos plus office” have tackled certain pain points of companies with the wide application of video conferencing and telecommuting.

Videos have given full play to its characteristics such as high-efficiency, real-time transmission, and multi-functional quality in different industries and fields, and played an important role in the transformation and upgrading of industries.

Compared with other means of communication, videos seem to be more real and persuasive, and are believed to play a unique part in information dissemination and innovative governance.

Through online videos, tens of millions of netizens “watched” the construction of Huoshenshan Hospital and Leishenshan Hospital, both emergency specialty field hospitals built in Wuhan, central China’s Hubei province, in response to the pandemic, and fostered strong mental power of fighting the virus through solidarity.

By rolling out short videos on popular science, science and technology bloggers and medical workers made practical suggestions regarding individuals’ epidemic prevention to the audience.

Short video platforms have also joined hands with government officials and social media specialists around China to promote agricultural products and regional specialties via live-streaming videos.

Overseas video bloggers from the U.K. and Denmark record videos during their visit to the Dazu Rock Carvings scenic spot in southwest China’s Chongqing municipality, July 2. (Photo by Huang Shu/People’s Daily Online)

From macro-recording to micro-narrative, from on-the-spot viewing experience to in-depth interpretation, videos can provide viewers with adequate information and emotion increment, promote mainstream values and build social consensus in a complicated Internet environment.

The vigorous growth of video industry symbolizes the evolution of technology empowerment and is a result of industrial collaboration.

Every iteration of hardware and software, such as the growth of Chinese mobile phone brands like Huawei and Oppo and the popularity of video platforms including Douyin and Kuaishou in recent years, is an important driving force for the development of video socialization.

From 2G to 5G, information transmission efficiency and capacity have greatly increased, accelerating the accumulation of video production elements.

From millions of pixels to tens of millions of pixels, mobile phone cameras have seen significant improvement of their performance and algorithm, which simplifies the process of video decoding and encoding.

From folding screens to flexible screens, mobile phone manufacturers have made bold attempts in transforming imaging techniques and methods, enriching users’ experience of viewing videos.

Technology empowerment, together with content-driven operation, has created numerous possibilities for the development of video industry.

The prospects of the video industry are clearly evident. However, it should be noted that the industry is also left with risks and challenges.

Some videos only focus on audio-visual experience without regard to values and that certain video platforms only care about view counts and pay no attention to their social responsibility.

Videos shouldn’t just become an obsession with the audience. Instead, they should bring broader vision and richer knowledge to the viewers.

Photo taken on Mar. 30 shows technicians demonstrate their equipment in details and its function-testing process to Saudi customers via a live broadcast at Jereh, a global group specializing in oil & gas, power and environmental management in Yantai, east China’s Shandong province. (Photo by Tang Ke/People’s Daily Online)

Only those that highlight the values of the times and the sparkling features of humanity will exert influence and burst with vitality. To achieve this requires optimizing the content supplied by creators.

At the same time, it is necessary to be alert to the “information cocoons” of video platforms.

In other words, besides providing information and arousing emotion, video platforms need to focus on their responsibility.

China is embracing video socialization

Huang Wei, left, better known as Viya, sells dried persimmons during a livestreaming session in Shanxi province to help increase local farm incomes. (Photo/China Daily)

Along with the development of 5G, AI and mobile Internet technology, online videos, short videos, live-streaming and immersive experiences have been fully integrated into Chinese people’s daily lives; China has accelerated the rate of entering an “era of video socialization,” according to a recent report.

The report entitled China’s Video Socialization Trend Report (2020), which was released by China Brand Development Institute of People’s Daily on November 25, shows that with the further development of 5G, AI and mobile Internet technology, network videos, short videos, live-streaming and immersive experiences have been fully integrated into Chinese people’s daily lives, affecting the way they connect, communicate and integrate in the world.

Driven by factors such as technological innovation and industrial upgrading, China has accelerated the rate of entering an “era of video socialization,” following the “era of film and television videos” and “the era of online videos.”

The report points out that videos have been involved in the development of various industries in the form of factors of production, and have become a key driving force in the era of digital economy.

“In the first half of 2020, there were more than 10 million live-streaming shows across the country, with more than 400,000 active live streamers, more than 50 billion views and more than 20 million commodities on the shows. E-commerce live streaming is taking practical actions to promote the new development of the real economy,” said a relevant person in charge of Ali Research Institute.

“The innovation and popularization of network communication technology and information transmission technology have reshaped the form of content production from the bottom up, thus infiltrating into the whole chain of content production and redefining the video industry and its boundaries,” Zheng Wen, deputy dean of the School of Journalism of Fudan University, pointed out.

Videos have been widely used in education, health care, commerce and other fields; meanwhile, they have been interfaced with the industries so as to promote the industrial upgrading.

For instance, after being applied to the education field, the interaction between teachers and students and the sharing of educational resources can be realized, and after being applied to office work, the operation efficiency of enterprises can be greatly improved.

Videos can also be adopted in poverty alleviation work. On the one hand, videos help promote the investment of resources in poor areas and bridge the economic gap between urban and rural areas; on the other hand, they are able to facilitate the popularization of knowledge and help users in poor areas improve their working capacity through online courses.

Digital technologies make life better

The Light of Internet Expo of the 2020 World Internet Conference (WIC) was held in Wuzhen township, Tongxiang, east China’s Zhejiang province, from Nov. 22 to 24.

Focusing on the world’s most recent Internet development trends and cutting-edge technologies, the expo attracted a total of 130 well-known companies and institutions, which showcased new digital technologies, products, applications, and results in AI, cloud computing, big data, blockchain, 5G and other fields.

Visitors learn about a high-tech medical waste collection vehicle at the booth of China Mobile during the Light of Internet Expo of the 2020 World Internet Conference (WIC), Nov. 22. (Photo by Zhai Huiyong/People’s Daily Online)

At the booth of China Mobile at the expo, a 5G-driven medical waste collection vehicle from Shaoxing, Zhejiang province, drew the attention of visitors.

Equipped with 5G technology, the vehicle could perform such functions as statistical analysis, real-time supervision, panoramic mapping and AI video monitoring, realizing the closed-loop monitoring and online law enforcement of the entire medical waste industry chain.

China Mobile has also helped Shaoxing establish an information platform that could realize full-cycle, intelligent, and closed-loop digital management of industrial solid waste, domestic waste, and construction waste. “The information platform could guarantee that the origin of every single bag of garbage could be traced,” said Shen Yuan, a staff member of China Mobile at the booth.

An ocular fundus diseases screening all-in-one machine displayed at the booth of Chinese search engine giant Baidu could scan the eyes of users and provide the results within several seconds.

Visitors view a power distribution robot equipped with 5G and satellite positioning functions at the booth of the State Grid Corporation of China during the Light of Internet Expo of the 2020 WIC, Nov. 22. (Photo by Zhai Huiyong/People’s Daily Online)

A technician pointed out that the device can input a two-dimensional photo of the ocular fundus taken by its built-in camera and assess the risks of diseases based on information about the four major physiological structures of the fundus it extracted through deep learning algorithms.

The system is able to spot major eye diseases such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, helping high-risk groups have their eye diseases detected early.

One of the highlights of the expo is the exhibits showing how industrial Internet applications can improve production efficiency.

At the booth of Seiko Epson Corporation, a special pair of glasses was particularly eye-catching. It turned out to be a remote operation and maintenance support system based on augmented reality (AR) technology.

With the special pair of glasses, workers at the operation and maintenance site of industrial equipment could send high-definition pictures to back-end experts in a real time manner and see the drawings and relevant materials about the equipment provided by back-end experts via a virtual screen, thus receiving guidance on fault diagnosis, operation and maintenance.

During the COVID-19 prevention and control, many companies have asked experts from foreign countries to debug and repair their production equipment remotely through the system, which infused vitality into the resumption of work and production, said Wang Jiahui, a staff member at the booth.

Children interact with Xiaodu, a smart robot rolled out by Chinese search engine giant Baidu, during the Light of Internet Expo of the 2020 WIC, Nov. 22. (Photo by Zhai Huiyong/People’s Daily Online)

At the booth of the State Grid Corporation of China at the expo, a power distribution robot was swiftly moving its arms while the images of its operation were displayed on a screen in real time.

By controlling the robot through a terminal box controller, operators could simply stand on the ground and allow the robot to autonomously identify the position of the wire lead and carry out related power distribution tasks through the application of technologies concerning such purposes as 3D reconstruction of environment, visual recognition, and motion control, which is both more efficient and safer.

Exhibits showing roles of science and technology in facilitating public welfare undertakings have also attracted many visitors.

At the booth of China’s tech giant Tencent, visitors could design silk scarves via a mini program, with the design inspiration coming from representative theme elements and more than 200 details from murals in the Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, northwest China’s Gansu province.

A visitor experiences remote collaborative services concerning elderly care, medical care and nursing during the Light of Internet Expo of the 2020 WIC, Nov. 22. (Photo by Zhai Huiyong/People’s Daily Online)

They could also upload photos of themselves and try the scarves they have designed virtually with the help of image processing and facial recognition technologies before placing an order.

By purchasing the scarves, the users will be making donations to the digital protection of the Mogao Grottoes, according to a worker at the booth.

At the expo, China UnionPay displayed several special POS machines, also a public welfare project that enables users to pay one yuan and then get poems written by children from poor mountainous areas.

The money collected in the project will be used to support art education for these children.

Many visitors paid for the poems by scanning a QR code to contribute to improving education in poor areas.

China UnionPay is now expanding online channels for the POS machine to involve more people in the public welfare project, said a worker at the booth.

China’s retail stores eye online business

Taking online business as an opportunity for development, China’s retail stores have embarked on the road of updating.

Data from Alibaba show that 50 percent of retail stores insisted on doing business even in February, the worst period of the epidemic this year; this figure went up to more than 80 percent in March and 95 percent in April.

The outbreak of the epidemic prompted thousands of small retail stores to look for opportunities during the crisis, to seek change flexibly, and to accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the business model.

The development of online business has benefited many shopkeepers.

Xing Zhonghan and his wife have come to Beijing from their hometown in northeast China’s Jilin province for more than 10 years. Five years ago, they began to run a 60-square-meter shop in Chaoyang district, Beijing.

During the epidemic, the mom-and-pop store has accessed to a takeout app; afterwards, the store once became much more welcomed in several residential compounds nearby.

According to Xing Zhonghan, the average unit price of online orders in small stores is about 80 yuan (U.S.$12.17), and the monthly turnover could reach as much as more than 500 orders, which means that small stores can have tens of thousands of yuan of extra income in a month after the updating.

Furthermore, the closing time of small shops has been extended from 11:00 p.m. to 4:00 a.m., in order to have an edge over large supermarkets and convenience store chains during night business hours.

Some online platforms also encourages small retail stores to open up online business through favorable policies. “Every time we sell one commodity, the platform will give us some subsidy, and we can also earn an extra commission,” said Xu Jie, a shop owner in Fengtai district, Beijing.

Chinese painter draws 3D resin artworks


(Photo: yangtse.com)

The video of a Chinese man drawing a realistic 3D resin painting with glue has recently gone viral on the Internet.

Ling Xun, a 33-year-old professional resin painter, currently lives in Dali, southwest China’s Yunnan Province. His works have gained popularity abroad with many foreigners collecting his art, and the most expensive pieces can be sold for tens of thousands of yuan.

Since 2018, Ling has begun to upload his works on YouTube and has attracted the attention of many foreign netizens.

(Photo: yangtse.com)

“After a grandmother from abroad saw my video, she left a message saying that her husband was very fond of raising fish when he was alive, so I drew two koi fish and sent them to her. She loved them so much that she wrote a long letter to thank me,” Ling recalled.

(Photo: yangtse.com)

At present, most of Ling’s works are sold overseas. “Most of the friends who collect resin paintings love art; they have a certain understanding of resin paintings and can appreciate their beauty,” Ling pointed out.

According to Ling, so far he has created thousands of works, the smallest of which is a painting in the shell of a walnut.

(Photo: yangtse.com)

Ling’s most time-consuming work is a painting of hundreds of small fish and some aquatic plants in a large wooden basin with a diameter of 52 centimeters; it took him nearly a year to finish this piece.

“Now this work is still in my studio, and it can be regarded as one of my ‘treasures of the workshop.’ If anyone wants to collect it, it will cost tens of thousands of yuan,” Ling revealed.

“I hope that through my dedication and efforts to resin painting, more people will understand and like the unique art of resin painting,” Ling talked about his original intention.