Manufacturing sector sees rapid recovery

During the COVID-19 epidemic, China’s manufacturing sector withstood the test posed by the virus, and helped ensure stable global industrial and supply chains.

In August, the country’s exports totaled nearly 1.7 trillion yuan, up 11.6 percent, an increase that has been attributed to the rapid recovery of China’s manufacturing sector.

(Photo/Xinhua)

China has taken the lead in resuming work and production as the pandemic continues to disrupt global industrial and supply chains, said Han Jianfei, a researcher at CCID, a think tank under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, adding that the sharp rebound in China’s export growth reflects the resilience of the country’s manufacturing sector.

The country’s manufacturing purchasing managers’ index stood at 51 in August, above the 50-point mark that separates monthly growth from contraction. The sub-index for new orders stood at 52, marking the fourth consecutive month of growth, indicating the continuous recovery of market demand.

High-tech manufacturing has taken a marked turn for the better. In July, the value added by electronic and information manufacturing enterprises above designated size grew by 11.8 percent, up 5.7 percentage points year on year. Furthermore, the exported value by electronic and information manufacturing enterprises above designated size rose by 10.7 percent, an increase of 7.4 percentage points from a year ago.

Brothers tour China with old-aged parents

Two brothers in Shenyang, northeast China’s Liaoning province, were widely praised recently for spending the last few years travelling around the country with their octogenarian parents.

Photo shows Shan Zhongyu, his parents, his youngest brother and his brother’s daughter taking a group photo in front of a snow mountain.

Shan Zhongyu, 64 years old, came up with the plan when he retired four years ago. Before his retirement, he had frequently made short trips with his parents. In 2014, he bought a seven-seat car and transformed it into a “recreational vehicle” with an inverter and alternator so that they could cook during the trips.

Since then, Shan, his second younger brother, their wives and Shan’s parents have traveled 240,000 kilometers across China in the vehicle.

In September 2016, Shan and his brother drove south to Chengdu in southwest China’s Sichuan province via Beijing and Xi’an, northwest China’s Shaanxi province. They then decided to drive to southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region via Chengdu, a trip that their parents had long wanted to make.

Shan drew up detailed travel plans, including the locations of airports and hospitals along the way, to ensure that his parents could get timely treatment if they suffered altitude sickness and that the family could fly back home if they needed to.

In Chengdu, Shan’s youngest brother joined the team, and they bought portable oxygen bottles and first aid kits, which they needed for their trip to Tibet on National Highway 318.

When they arrived at the picturesque Xinduqiao town located at 3,000 meters above sea level in Sichuan’s Kangding county, Shan’s mother, who was 83 years old, felt dizzy. Fortunately, she recovered the next morning, allowing them to continue the trip. Ten days later, they arrived in Lhasa from Chengdu.

Shan’s parents were stunned by the scenery that they saw on the trip. The family enjoyed the beauty of the region’s glaciers and snow mountains.

Shan’s 85-year-old father recalled the dazzling sunlight at 8:30 p.m. when they arrived in Lhasa, Tibetan prayer flags flying on the mountains, Tibetan people, pilgrims and the large garden behind the Potala Palace, Lhasa’s most iconic building.

After staying in Lhasa for three days, they drove through the depopulated zones in Qinghai and Tibet via the Qinghai-Tibet highway and visited Qinghai Lake, the largest inland salt lake in China. Finally, they drove home through north China’s Inner Mongolia.

In past years, the two brothers have also made road trips to Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Guizhou and Yunnan provinces with their parents.

The two brothers usually took two long journeys and several short trips in spring and autumn with their parents. Shan always made travel plans and avoided visiting places they had been to previously.

Youngsters snatch low-cost tour products

Young Chinese people are eagerly seeking out the best domestic travel deals, such as low-price air tickets and hotel fees, as many tourist platforms and local governments have provided subsidies to boost the tourist industry.

(Photo/Xinhua)

The proportion of young tourists travelling domestically is on the rise. According to data, 58 percent of tourists are post-90s, and the growth rate of post-00s tourists should not be underestimated either.

Young tourists are no longer travelling just for sightseeing: those born after 1995 want to bring their pets to stay in hotels, and for parent-child trips, young tourists prefer hotels that help look after their children, while guesthouses have become a popular choice for team-building exercises.

Furthermore, young tourists visiting Hainan love to shop for tax-free goods. When they were unable to go out because of the epidemic, they would travel virtually: live-streamed guides by curators from the British Museum and Versailles have also become a reality.

At the same time, the younger generation’s new travel preferences have also brought new challenges to domestic scenic spots and hotels. For example, hotels should not only be a place to stay, but also provide more comprehensive services such as parent-child activities, spas and group building activities.

These young tourists are also keen on getting the best deals for flight ticket price and hotels, in some cases as low as 66 yuan (about US $9.65) for a flight or 99 yuan for one night at a hotel. Sometimes, their destinations depend on where they can obtain a special “subsidy”.

In addition, more than 60 percent of consumers plan to increase their travel budgets by more than 2,000 yuan this year, the data showed. At the same time, the epidemic has made consumers pay greater attention to travel safety, with customized and small group tours becoming more popular than before.

COP 15 to be held in Kunming next year

COP 15 to be held in China's Kunming next year
Photo shows a view of the rain forest in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province. By Shao Bin/People’s Daily Online

The 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 15) is scheduled to be held between May 17 to 30 the next year in Kunming, southwest China’s Yunnan province. The goals and methods of, as well as the cooperation on biological diversity, once again become a hotspot international issue.

Biological diversity is a broad concept that describes the variety of the nature. It includes landscape diversity, ecological diversity, species diversity and genetic diversity.

In recent years, the concept gradually expanded to human and cultural level, and ecological civilization has been put under protection mechanism.

Last September, China’s Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity jointly unveiled the theme of the COP15 – “Ecological Civilization: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth”. The theme aims at guiding global ecological civilization, and stresses that human and nature belong to a community with a shared future. It holds that people shall respect, conform to and protect nature, and shall work to realize sustainable use and benefit sharing of biological diversity, as well as the Vision of Living in Harmony with Nature by 2050.

China is one of the most biodiversity-rich countries in the world, and is home to all types of terrestrial ecosystems, including forest, bush, meadow, grassland, desert and wet land. Besides, it also possesses marine ecosystems in the Yellow Sea, East China Sea and South China Sea. Meanwhile, as an important source of rice and soybeans, China also boasts rich biological genetic resources. It ranks first in terms of plant cultivation and animal domestication.

China ranks eighth among the 12 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. Other countries include Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

Yunnan province has various natural landscapes and a complete ecosystem ranging from tropical valley to alpine frigid zone. Housing rare, special and ancient species, it is known as a key area of biodiversity that bears global significance. That’s why it has become the host for the COP15.

In Sept. 2010, the United Nations General Assembly at its 65th session declared the period 2011-2020 to be the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, hoping member states to take actions for realizing biodiversity goals by 2020.

China is one of the earliest countries to join the Convention on Biological Diversity, and it took the lead to establish a national committee for biodiversity conservation for the planning of its biodiversity protection. It released an implemented the China National Biodiversity Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (2011-2030), as well as an action plan for the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity. The country’s local governments and departments also incorporated biodiversity conservation into relevant planning.

Chinese Vice Premier Han Zheng presided over a meeting of China National Committee for Biodiversity Conservation on Feb. 13, 2019. He stressed that biodiversity is a foundation of human survival and development. To enhance biodiversity conservation is an important part of ecological civilization, as well as a vital engine driving high-quality development. Noting that the COP15 will be held in China, he urged relevant departments to make full preparation and fulfill the responsibilities of a host country, so as to hold a successful meeting that has milestone significance.

Ecological experts believe that the theme of the COP15 bears significant importance, as it will guide the international society to foster a strong political will to protect biodiversity, advance global ecological civilization, help realize sustainable use and benefit sharing of biological diversity, and reach the Vision of Living in Harmony with Nature by 2050. Meanwhile, China will also contribute its wisdom and power at the meeting to the conservation and sustainable development of global biodiversity.

Decoupling with China will only harm U.S.

Recently, a Facebook user living in Washington shared his experience of buying a fridge and having to wait more than four months for the product to be delivered during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Photo shows the words “Made in China” on the packaging of a fridge bought by a Facebook user living in Washington who said he waited for more than four months for delivery during the COVID-19 epidemic in the U.S.

With the COVID-19 outbreak leading to people hoarding more food, demand for fridges surged, and they had been sold out since March, the man recalled, saying that he ordered a fridge online in mid-April, but the product was out of stock until Aug. 26.

When he finally did bring a fridge from an offline store home, he found that the product was made in China. “It’s better not to decouple from China,” he said.

The man’s remark revealed that China and the U.S. have an economic relationship that is as inter-connected as it is possible to be.

For over 40 years, China and the U.S. have forged closely entwined economic ties. The Wall Street Journal said on June 14 that China has retaken its mantle as America’s largest trading partner. Statistics show that the trade volume between the two countries reached $234 billion in the first half of this year, and exceeded $50 billion in June alone.

Over 70,000 American businesses have made investments in China with an annual sales revenue of $700 billion. 97 percent of these countries are making a profit.

According to a survey by the American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai, 92.1 percent of its members said they do not have plans to leave China, even as Trump pushes to decouple from the country.

However, the Trump administration tends to act capriciously and wants to decouple the world’s two largest economies without considering the possible harm this will do to the business and science community or ordinary people. On Sept. 7, Trump told a Labor Day news conference at the White House that the U.S. will end its reliance on China once and for all.

Heath Pittman, international logistics manager at Rural King Farm & Home Stores in the U.S., will reject this call.

According to a report titled “Urged by Trump to Decouple, U.S. Companies Want More China Faster” by Bloomberg on June 28, thanks to a flexible supply chain and close relationship with vendors in China and elsewhere in Asia, Rural King has managed to avoid shortages of goods that many retailers experienced during U.S. lockdowns. Pittman’s advantage is that he has more than 100 suppliers in China.

Trump’s China’s policy is disconnected from the U.S. business community, said Evan Medeiros, former senior director for Asian Affairs at the White House’s National Security Council on Sept. 7 at the virtual Taihe Civilizations Forum hosted by Taihe Institute, a Beijing-based think tank.

The U.S. business community is particularly concerned about science and technology cooperation between the two countries, and wants protection in their fields rather than confrontation in the economic relationship, Medeiros noted.

An article published by the Wall Street Journal on June 2 said that U.S. dependence on China isn’t just about buying masks or iPhones. China’s companies are major customers of U.S. high technology, and its students, who account for one-third of all the international students in the U.S., help fund America’s universities. Meanwhile, labor in China helps Apple churn out the devices quickly, and other economies are unlikely to replicate the Chinese mainland’s economies of scale.

Is decoupling from China good for people in China, the U.S., and the rest of the world? Some U.S. politicians who started brandishing the threat of decoupling from China believe that they will not have to pay for it.

Right growth path key to reducing poverty

Right development path key to poverty alleviation
Photo taken on June 13 shows the magnificent Tianzhu Peak, the main peak of the Wudang Mountains in Shiyan, central China’s Hubei province. (Photo by Zhao Guangliang/People’s Daily Online)

What should be feared is not poverty, but people’s losing confidence in shaking off poverty. This is the most important thing I’ve learnt in Baimashan village since I was appointed the first secretary of the village Party committee in 2017.

Baimashan village used to be one of the poorest villages in central China’s Hubei province, with 346 poor people of 120 households. Due to backward infrastructure, sluggish industry growth, and the fact that nearly half of the poor population of the village didn’t have professional skills, what I heard people complain about the most when I first visited the village was “I don’t have a proper way to make money.”

Bao Shengyun’s family was a typical example of impoverished households in the locality.

Bao and her husband, both in their fifties, have neither a decent educational background nor skills to make handicrafts. The couple lived in an adobe house at a hillside and had been carrying goods with a shoulder pole to sell for a living for many years.

According to Bao, she had to walk more than two hours on the earth road every day and carry goods on her shoulders to sell at the mountaintop of the Baimashan scenic area in the village.

“It is tough, and yet we can’t get much money from it,” Bao told me when I visited her house for the first time. Her family was leading a quite hard life at that time and I encouraged them to figure out ways to get rid of poverty.

After in-depth investigation into the village, my colleagues and I found out the crux of the problems hindering the development of village.

Located about 30 kilometers from the center of Shiyan city, Baimashan has a foundation for tea industry and enchanting scenery, but had been long encumbered by weak links in infrastructure, in particular, its poor traffic conditions. Without good roads, it was hard for the scenic area in the village to attract tourists and build the brand.

After identifying the root cause of the problems, we quickly made a plan and started to improve the village through multiple measures.

We won policy and financial support from many departments and finally renovated 7 kilometers of roads to Baimashan village, held a series of rich and colorful activities featuring folk customs and culture after Baimashan’s scenic area was declared a national three-A tourist attraction, and attracted tea companies to the village and established poverty alleviation tea workshops.

As the traffic and environment of the village is gradually improved, more visitors have been attracted to Baimashan village.

Bao saw a business opportunity of opening an agritainment restaurant and came to me for help as she couldn’t find a site and lacked start-up capital.

I was delighted to see that she was in surprisingly high spirits and helped her maintain good relations with her neighbors while demolishing her old house and establishing a new one.

After a new house was built, Bao started with the agritainment business and we even set up a advertising board in front of her agritainment restaurant.

When we saw her later at the entrance of Baimashan village, she had a big smile on her face and told us with confidence that her restaurant was doing very well and could easily bring in 30,000 ($4,386) to 40,000 yuan per year.

We suggested that she should adopt mobile payments in her restaurant. Before long, people could pay bills at Bao’s agritainment restaurant by scanning QR codes.

By enhancing infrastructure construction, cultivating leading industries, and building and promoting brand, Baimashan village has blazed a development road featuring tea industry and tourism. It has increased the per capita annual income of local people by 3,000 yuan on average and shaken off poverty.

Today, the annual collective income of Baimashan village has exceeded 250, 000 yuan. The figure is expected to reach 350,000 yuan in 2021.

Moreover, the village has established a tea culture base, developed about 83.33 hectares of standardized tea gardens, and held five folk customs and culture-themed tourism festivals.

The barren wastelands in the old days have been replaced by vast areas of orchards and tea gardens, while the adobe houses in the past have been changed into beautiful western-style buildings.

With more than 20 family inns and agritainment restaurants scattered in the village, Baimashan, a once remote and poor village, has become a popular holiday resort for people living in urban areas.

The three years of experience in poverty alleviation made me realize that as long as we find the right development path for a place and work hard together with the local people, we can surely create a better life for them.

(By Tian Huanan, first secretary of Baimashan village Party committee, Bailin township, Zhangwan district, Shiyan, Hubei province.)

Beijing holds 2020 WWSE

World Winter Sports Expo 2020 held in Beijing
Photo taken on September 5 shows visitors experiencing a sightseeing tour of a snow mountain with the help of VR technology at the 2020 World Winter Sports (Beijing) Expo (WWSE). (Photo by Liu Huaiyu/People’s Daily Online)

The World Winter Sports (Beijing) Expo 2020 (WWSE) kicked off in Beijing on September 5, bringing winter sports under the spotlight once again.

As a window for synergizing winter sports resources at home and abroad, the WWSE has achieved remarkable results in strengthening international exchanges and cooperation and driving the development of China’s ice and snow industry since its inception in 2016.

With the theme of “The Power of Ice and Snow”, the event invited many heavyweight Chinese and foreign guests to offer advice and suggestions on the development of China’s winter sports and the world’s ice and snow industry.

The 2020 WWSE was held as one of the thematic exhibitions at the China International Fair for Trade in Services (CIFTIS) this year, which demonstrated the important role of ice and snow industry in modern global trade in services.

While highlighting internationalization, industrialization, and popularization, this year’s WWSE aims to fully display the achievements of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics preparations and the development of the domestic winter sports.

In the core exhibition area of the event at the China National Convention Center, exhibitions featuring themes including preparations for the Beijing Winter Olympic Games, ice and snow sports-related scientific and technological achievements, as well as ice and snow equipment have attracted many visitors.

Besides, some new exhibition areas have been set up this year to show characteristics and local culture of the ice and snow industry in provinces and cities across China.

Since the COVID-19 has impacted on the sports industry worldwide, the smooth holding of the WWSE by China, which has overcome many difficulties for the event, is of great significance for exhibiting China’s achievements and boosting connectivity in the world.

This year’s WWSE came at an important time, said Thomas Bach, president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), at the WWSE opening ceremony and main forum.

“The World Winter Sports Expo is the perfect platform to highlight this important contribution of sport to the recovery. The Expo is also an important step as China gets ready to welcome the world’s best winter sport athletes in 2022,” Bach said via a video link.

Guests including Christophe Dubi, Olympic Games executive director at the IOC, and presidents of many international winter sports federations participated in discussions at the forums of the WWSE via video.

They spoke highly of the orderly preparations for the Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games, and expressed confidence in future work.

Held both online and offline, this year’s WWSE has established an even more open platform and provided an important opportunity for the mutual promotion and integration of China’s ice and snow industry with that of the world.

More than 500 Chinese and foreign brands from more than 20 countries and regions showcased their products and services at the expo, with these products and services covering such areas as ice and snow sports-related scientific and technological achievements, tourism and industrial results.

This year’s WWSE has specially set up exhibition areas for ice and snow sports-related scientific and technological achievements as well as hi-tech products used in Winter Olympics, aiming to highlight the role of scientific and technological innovation in facilitating the development of China’s ice and snow industry as well as the preparations for the Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games.

The application of science and technology in ice and snow sports has broken the limit to time and space in popularizing winter sports, and generated more possibilities for the development of ice and snow sports.

Austrian exhibitors have brought to the event many outdoor ski resort facilities, skiing equipment, ice-making devices and technologies.

The movable and foldable skiing simulator showcased by an Austrian exhibitor allows users to learn basic skiing skills through the equipment without having to go to the ski fields. Besides, the simulator could be very useful in skiing courses.

Synthetic ice rink, which once attracted great attention at previous WWSEs, has now become an ancillary facility for ice and snow classes in schools.

Thanks to the development of technology, natural ice rinks could be moved and put together this year. The natural ice rinks built by exhibitors at the expo has drawn the attention of many visitors.

With the help of science and technology, this year’s WWSE has significantly increased the popularity of the event by offering innovative online platforms to people.

The power of science and technology has made the WWSE more colorful, and will also bring new opportunities to the ice and snow industry, noted Gao Yunchao, deputy general-secretary of the Beijing Olympic City Development Association.

Hainan speeds up building free trade port

South China’s Hainan speeds up construction of free trade port
Photo taken on August 29 shows the scenery of the phase-one project of a traffic project of the Haikou Bay in Hainan Province. Photo by Shi Zhonghua/People’s Daily Online

On August 30, tanker Yuan Dong Hai of China COSCO Shipping Energy Transportation Co., Ltd. got its certificate of nationality from the port of Yangpu in South China’s Hainan Province as soon as it was delivered, thanks to the efforts of the province to promote institutional innovations in the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics.

With a maximum loading capacity of 150,000 tons, Yuan Dong Hai made the port of Yangpu one of the ports that have large vessels with a loading capacity of over 100,000 tons.

“We didn’t even actually go to the port of Yangpu to go through the formalities for the certificate, yet we received the first certificate of nationality issued by the port of Yangpu in three workdays,” said Dong Yuhang, deputy general manager of COSCO Shipping Specialized Carriers Co., Ltd.

The Hainan free trade port has adopted more open shipping policies, which allow domestic ships engaging in transport of goods for both domestic and foreign trade with the port of Yangpu as a transit port to replenish bonded oil for the voyage, according to Dong.

“A cargo ship with slots for 5,400 twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) containers on the route from Jinzhou, Northeast China’s Liaoning Province to the port of Yangpu is allowed to replenish 553 tons of bonded oil, which means it can save about 600,000 yuan ($ 87,600) in a single trip,” Dong noted.

As of August, the working committee of Hainan free trade port had rolled out 85 programs targeting institutional innovations in areas including business system reforms, talent cultivation, as well as international trade and economy.

“Three cargo ships registered at the port of Yangpu within three months, during which the shipping routes of the port for domestic and foreign trade increased from 22 to 31 and the monthly container handling capacity of the port surpassed 100,000 TEUs,” said Zhou Junping, secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) committee at the working committee of Yangpu Economic Development Zone.

All these are gratifying changes brought about by the construction of the Hainan free trade port, Zhou added.

In addition to boosting institutional innovations, Hainan has also made unswerving efforts to safeguard the red line for ecological conservation during the construction of the Hainan free trade port.

One month after the release of the master plan for the Hainan free trade port, Hainan Province set up ten supervision and inspection teams and sent them to various cities and counties of the province for a 100-day supervision and inspection operation for ecological and environmental protection.

From the end of July to mid-August, officials of the Hainan provincial government supervised and inspected relevant tasks in cities and counties, aiming to go all out to resolve the tough issues in ecological governance.

Because of these efforts, the long-standing problems troubling the management of the Xiaohai Lagoon and Laoyehai Lagoon in Hainan’s Wanning city started to be solved step by step. Besides ecological rehabilitation and tail water treatment, the city has also accelerated the formulation of maricultural plans and improvement in infrastructure in the surrounding areas.

Lingshui Li autonomous county in Hainan province has started to remove the fish breeding rafts, fishing nets, and fixed nets in the lagoons of Xincun township of the county, cleaning 21.97 square kilometers of sea areas.

At present, Hainan province is ramping up efforts to draw a red line for ecological protection and the bottom line for environment quality, define the upper limit on utilization of resources, and make a list for environment access, trying to release relevant results and put them into practice by the end of the year.

The province is also integrating the aspirations and needs of the people into the construction of the Hainan free trade port.

During this summer vacation, a family inn adjacent to the mangrove wetland in Dongzhai harbor and Meilan International Airport has been packed with tourists.

Huang Yang, manager of the hotel, was a villager of Shanweitou village, Yanfeng township, Meilan district, Haikou, capital of Hainan Province.

Since February, business of Huang’s family inn has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. Just when staff members of the hotel were at loose ends, the local government rolled out favorable policies on offering a 50 percent tax cut for hotels and holding free online training courses for employees of hotels.

The training, which advocates learning in slack season and working in peak season, is one of the 85 programs of institutional innovations launched during the construction of the Hainan free trade port.

In fact, Hainan Province has been providing degree courses and vocational training for tourism practitioners since 2019. This year, the number of participants in the training has grown from 3,000 to 5,000.

Thanks to the timely policies, Huang’s family inn didn’t just survived, but sees new prospects, as the province’s new policy on offshore duty-free shopping has significantly boosted business of the hotels and rural tourism routes near Meilan International Airport. Shanweitou village has been a popular destination for visitors attracted by the duty-free shopping policy.

Hainan Province is now making all-out efforts to enhance its infrastructure for fiber optic networks, power grids, road network, gas pipelines, and water supply systems.

On April 13, comprehensive construction of the key projects of the Hainan free trade port kicked off, with projects concerning infrastructure construction and public service facilities for improving people’s livelihoods accounting for 70 percent of these key projects.

Water conservancy projects of the province have prepared the province well in coping with the drought that lasted for two month in this year.

Grasping the opportunities generated by the construction of the Hainan free trade port, the province has taken multiple measures to improve education and medical services.

So far, the province has introduced 102 schools and more than 40 hospitals, allowing students to go to schools near home and residents receive treatment for major and serious diseases without leaving the province.

Hainan is optimizing its economic structure, in a bid to consolidate the foundation for improving people’s livelihood through promoting economic development.

The province had seen its volume of fixed-asset investment grow by 5.6 percent year on year during the first seven months this year, when investment in areas other than real estate became the main driving force for the growth in fixed-asset investment, and 75 percent of the economic growth in the province was contributed by the tertiary industry.

Relocation leads villagers to prosperity

Residents of Nanshan village in Kazuo Mongolian autonomous county in northeast China’s Liaoning province have been able to live better lives thanks to a relocation project.

An old house in Nanshan village. (File photo)

Due to its location in the mountains, Nanshan village in Gongyingzi township lacked water and farmland. Residents lived in shabby houses and had difficulty obtaining drinking water, medical care and education.

109 out of the total 284 households in the village were stricken by poverty and the poor population in the village had reached 253.

Jiang Xiurong, a villager, receives interview from People’s Daily Online in her new house. (People’s Daily Online/Tong Zongli)

This all began to change in July 2016, when Gongyingzi township launched a relocation project in the village. With a total investment of 6 million yuan, the town constructed 2,100 square meters of housing and relocated 28 households in the village, including 12 registered poverty-stricken households.

About one year later, it also built 1.9 km of roads, laid 3.2 km of water supply pipelines and 4,260 square meters of greenbelt in Nanshan village in a bid to improve the local facilities.

Residents now have better access to safe water, a heating system in winter, education as well as medical care.

Aerial view of the old Nanshan village. (People’s Daily Online/Wei Qingcheng)

Aerial view of the new Nanshan village. (People’s Daily Online/Wei Qingcheng)

By making the most of its local advantages, Nanshan village has developed photovoltaic power generation, characteristic planting and breeding industries to help the residents become more prosperous.

It has developed a standardized snow peach orchard with an area of about 200,000 square meters, planted tobaccos and gourds, and also bred cattle and sheep, leading local villagers onto the road to wealth.

Beidou provides wide application services

China announced the completion and commissioning of the Beidou Navigation Satellite System (BDS-3) on July 31, 2020, which means that users across the world can now access Beidou’s open, free, high-quality navigation and positioning services.

A tractor equipped with Beidou navigation system sow seeds in Anzhong village, Dengzhou city, central China’s Henan province. (Photo/Xinhua)

More than 70 percent of the smart phones connected to networks in China provide services offered by Beidou, and the positioning accuracy of shared bicycles has improved, from the former 1-10 meters to 10 centimeters-1 meter.

Every morning, Beijing resident Zhao uses a Hello Bike shared bicycle from downstairs in her residential community to ride 4 kilometers to work, which she has been doing for the last year. From the end of March this year, she felt that her shared bicycle experience has improved.

“In the past, sometimes when the APP on my smart phone showed that there was a bike outside the wall, I would find that the bike was actually behind the wall. As I was in a hurry to get to work, I had no choice but to give up on the ride,” said Zhao, adding that these days, the positioning is much more accurate.

This change is a result of technological updates to the positioning services of bicycles. Currently, Beidou positioning devices have been installed in each Hello Bike bicycle’s smart lock.

Services delivered by Beidou cover all aspects of life, from industrial to public applications.

Right now, Beidou navigation and positioning services have been adopted by fields such as e-commerce, mobile intelligent terminal manufacturing and intelligent wearable devices. More than 70 percent of smart phones connected to networks in China provide services offered by Beidou, showing that it is being widely used by ordinary people.

Huawei’s mobile phones have supported the BDS-2 since 2013. But compared with GPS, Beidou mainly played an auxiliary role at that time. After 2017, mobile phones were able to receive more and more Beidou satellite signals, as the system became increasingly stable.

At present, the latest Honor 30pro mobile phones from Huawei provide support for the use of BDS-3 signals. Mobile phone engineers may not be familiar with the construction progress of the Beidou system, and only feel the changes through the change of signals.

“For mobile phone manufacturers, the algorithm is not biased towards the signals. Mobile phones attach great importance to the user experience, so manufacturers will definitely choose the signals that are best for users,” an engineer from Huawei pointed out.

Beidou is also capable of perceiving subtle changes in the hidden dangers of geological disasters and issue early warnings.

“This year, the Beidou monitoring system gave an early warning in my hometown of Shimen county, Hunan province, and ensured the safety of people’s lives and property,” said Ran Chengqi, director of the China Satellite Navigation system Management Office, adding that “Beidou has played a good role in supporting science and technology in terms of deformation monitoring, early warning, and transfer of people.”

Mountain torrents are the main cause of casualties in floods, and accurate prediction can buy time to relocate people, so “early warning” ability has become a top priority. At present, provinces such as Jiangsu, Guizhou, Guangxi and Sichuan have also established disaster monitoring systems based on Beidou, which can automatically monitor changes in hidden danger points 24 hours a day. Beidou enables preparations for disaster prevention and mitigation to be carried out in advance.

Beidou can also be applied in agriculture. After trucks are connected to Beidou data, information such as the actual location, operation route, cargo capacity, fuel consumption and mileage can be easily accessed.

“Beidou navigation meets the needs of accurate operation of agricultural machinery equipment and precise implementation of agronomic prescriptions,” said Tian Yongchao, Professor of Nanjing Agricultural University.

“Thanks to the combination of Beidou navigation and the intelligent wheat farming system… we can automatically receive system instructions and obtain spatial location information, and then plan the operation route,” Tian added.

Transportation is also a typical industry in which Beidou can be applied.

Liao Xining, general manager of Hunan Hongsheng Logistics Co., Ltd., is most concerned about how to prevent speeding and fatigue driving and improving the level of safety management in the process of urban distribution and dangerous goods transportation. Liao is deeply impressed by the changes that Beidou has brought to the freight industry.

“Last year, a rear-end collision occurred in the Hengyang section of the Beijing-Hong Kong-Macao Expressway, from which the driver escaped unharmed. Through the Beidou vehicle terminal, the traffic control department tracked down our company’s vehicle, which happened to be passing through the road section of the accident, and quickly located the vehicle that caused the accident through the camera installed on our truck,” Liao recalled.

The Beidou vehicle terminal that Liao mentioned is a typical digital application in the field of traffic logistics.

“The speed limit of dangerous goods transport vehicles is 80 kilometers per hour. When the speed is about to reach this limit, the Beidou terminal will automatically issue a reminder. If you drive continuously for more than three and a half hours, the driver will also be reminded to have a rest,” Liao said, noting that active management through the Beidou system has greatly reduced the incidence of speeding and fatigue driving.