PhD student helps his parents clean streets, and triggers online debate

A 29-year-old PhD student from Tongji University recently became an internet sensation after his touching story was posted on social media.

A message posted on Sina Weibo, China’s version of Twitter, said the considerate young man helps his parents, both of whom are sanitation workers, clean streets in the early morning during summer vacation in a bid to relieve their pressure.

Tian Juntao was recently admitted to a PhD program at Tongji University. His parents moved to Jiaxing in eastern China’s Zhejiang province from their hometown in Henan province about five or six years ago to work as sanitation workers in order to pay for his education.

A number of people praised Tian for his action, saying he has set a good example for young people, because he knows to be grateful to the love and care given by his parents.

A netizen commented that it is estimable for him to swallow his pride and clean streets for his parents, saying he has purified not only the roads, but also people’s hearts.

However, some doubted his action, saying he should not have gone for doctoral degree, as his family is still living in poverty. They believe he should go to work to relieve the family’s economic burden.

But this point of view has also been refuted by a number of people who insisted that it is not easy for someone to be admitted to a PhD program. They said to deprive his right of choice because of his family situation is unfair.

Tian responded by saying that he has done what a son should do, and it has nothing to do with himself. In addition, he noted that sanitation workers deserve people’s respect, and he is willing to clean streets.

Internet goes wild over returned overseas post-90s women employed as university professors

Yang Shu

Two returned overseas post-90s women employed as university professors recently went viral online, reported on Aug. 23.

Yang Shu and Liu Mingzhen were the only two women included in the 12th batch of China’s Thousand Talents Program, a talent recruitment program, and employed as professors by the College of Electrical Engineering at Zhejiang University and the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, respectively.

Yang Shu obtained her PhD from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology at the age of 24 and was one of three people to win the university’s annual PhD Research Excellence Award the next year.

Yang has published more than ten papers in top international journals and has presented her work at various conferences, including Technology, Entertainment and Design conference (TED), Electron Device Letters (EDL), International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM), and Applied Physics Letters (APL). Her research is widely cited in journals such as Compound Semiconductor and Semiconductor Today.

Liu Mingzhen

Liu Mingzhen obtained her master degree from the University of Cambridge at the age of 22 and her PhD from the University of Oxford two years later.

Liu took the lead to establish a scientific center of applied chemistry at the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, making the university’s chemistry discipline rank in the top one percent based on Essential Science Indicators (ESI).

In addition, Liu was also the youngest Chinese scholar to publish her research in Nature as the lead author during her doctoral study, and her paper was cited over 2,700 times, according to Google Scholar.


China still has investment advantages in the medium-long run: commerce ministry


Chinese Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) Spokesperson Gao Feng said that China still has advantages in attracting foreign investment in the medium-long run, at a routine press conference of MOFCOM on Aug. 24, reported.

Gao stated that although foreign direct investment (FDI) in China fell some this year, China’s scale of attracting FDI has remained stable.

The number of newly-established FDI enterprises reached 17,703 from January to July this year, up 12 percent on a year-on-year basis, indicating that an increasing number of foreign investors are willing to invest in China.

Gao added that the structure of attracting foreign investment in China has been continuously optimized. Foreign capital used in high-technology industries hit 37.39 billion RMB ($5.6 billion) during the seven-month period, an increase of 8.3 percent compared with the same period last year.

The World Investment Report 2017 released by the United Nations also pointed out that China is still one of the main destinations for FDI.

In addition, China’s State Council recently introduced 22 policies for attracting FDI, according to Gao.

“We believe that implementation of the new policies will bring development opportunities for foreign investors, and show that China remains determined to continuing opening to the outside world. And we will strive to provide better services and investment environment for them,” the spokesperson noted.

McDonald’s to stop using chicken reared with antibiotics in China

The fast food restaurant chain McDonald’s said it will obey Chinese law and stop using chicken reared with antibiotics, although China was not listed among the first countries by the chain to cut antibiotic use in its chicken in 2018, reported on Aug. 24.

The fast food chain recently said that it will stop using chicken reared with human antibiotics in Brazil, Canada, Japan, South Korea, the United States, and Europe in 2018, and other markets in 2027.

As China was not listed in the first countries to implement the decision, McDonald’s explained that the proper use of antibiotics is necessary, and its suppliers will follow veterinarian instructions in terms of using antibiotics in compliance with relevant laws and regulations in China.

All chicken to be used in its restaurants in China will be required to pass relevant tests, the fast food chain promised.

Zhu Yi, associate professor at China Agricultural University, said that antibiotics forbidden to be used refer to human antibiotics, which were thoroughly prohibited from being used as feed supplement to stimulate growth by the EU early in 2006, and only permitted antibiotics can be used for the treatment of sick chickens.

The professor added that, it is hard to comprehensively prohibit using of antibiotics in China, as most of them are produced in the country and cheap to use. In addition, breeders in China are lack of awareness of health risk of using antibiotics.

Statistics shows that more than 70 percent of medical antibiotics have been sold for animal use in the U.S., and scientists warn that their constant use to stimulate growth and prevent diseases will lead to more superbugs, which kill at least 23,000 in the country every year.

Dalian Wanda denies ‘scandalous, malicious’ rumors about chairman

Chinese commercial property conglomerate Dalian Wanda Group denied rumors on Monday that its chairman, Wang Jianlin, is banned for going abroad.

The company said in a statement on its website that certain sources had intentionally spread malicious rumors about Wang.

Such rumors began to appear in mid-August, which proved to be untrue after Wang led a trip to Lanzhou, capital of Northwest China’s Gansu Province.

Similar rumors continued to spread after anonymous sources changed the time and date of their online posts and after some foreign news media on Sunday continued to spread lies through malicious, slanderous claims, the company said.

Allegations on WeChat public accounts on Sunday said police detained Wang in North China’s Tianjin Municipality before he and his family were able to leave for the UK on a private jet. He was released after several hours, but was banned from traveling abroad.

All rumors have no basis and maliciously motivated, the company said, adding that it hopes the public will not believe them nor spread them.

Wanda reported the matter to relevant government departments and also informed the police, the company said, noting that it is considering legal measures against some media outlets to protect its rights and interests.

Stocks of a subsidiary of Wanda Group, Wanda Hotel Development Company, fell 8.09 percent on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on Monday.

Wanda announced plans last week to build a large tourist attraction in Lanzhou after selling 13 properties to Tianjin-based property company Sunac China Holding.

Wanda said in July it agreed to sell 13 tourist properties as well as 76 hotels to Sunac in a deal worth 63.17 billion yuan ($9.3 billion).

Source: Global Times

Consumers concerned about prices, safety

Graphics: GT

US beef has not yet made a dent in the lucrative Chinese market since it went on sale domestically almost two months ago, partly because its high prices are putting off consumers.

In City Shop located in Parkview Green in the capital city’s CBD, the Global Times noticed that Australian beef accounts for around 90 percent of the stock of imported beef. US beef accounts just for 10 percent.

Besides Parkview Green, the Global Times also noticed that only small amounts of US beef are on sale in other supermarkets. At Walmart’s Sam’s Club in Beijing on Monday, domestic beef took up around 50 percent of the whole beef display area, with Australian beef accounting for about 35 percent and US beef the remaining 15 percent.

Zhang Ailing, a saleswoman at Sam’s Club, told the Global Times on Monday that in the past two months, sales of Australian beef had outstripped those of US beef.

A spokesperson for Walmart told the Global Times that sales of US beef had grown steadily since it entered China at the end of June, with best-selling cuts including brisket, short rib and rib eye. The spokesperson did not provide specific sales figures.

As part of the US-China 100-Day Action Plan for trade, US beef was allowed back into the Chinese market at the end of June after a 14-year ban.

Domestic grocery O2O platform Fruit Day, whose US beef is mainly targeted at middle-income consumers, said that prime US beef has won recognition from local consumers and sales are going well.

“At present, we only sell US beef in East China, but we plan to expand sales into North China and South China in the future considering the strong sales performance currently,” Ji Qing, head of the fresh food purchasing department of Fruit Day, told the Global Times on Monday.

In addition to various kinds of steaks, Fruit Day will provide other cuts of beef to fit with Chinese culinary methods, Ji said.

China’s beef market has expanded rapidly over the past decade as consumers have become more interested in healthy eating.

The spokesperson for Walmart said a unique characteristic of US beef is that it has no grass flavor because the cattle are fed with grain.

The overall consumption of beef in China reached 8 million tons in 2016, with a market size of 360 billion yuan ($54 billion), according to data from the Ministry of Commerce. But the growth of the domestic beef yield has slowed, increasing the supply and demand imbalance, Beijing-based newspaper China Times reported Friday.

Consumers’ concerns

Despite the strong demand for beef, consumers have concerns about both hefty prices and potential quality issues.

The Global Times noticed that about 50 consumers were attracted to taste both Australian and US beef at Sam’s Club within one and a half hours in the morning on Monday, but those who decided to buy chose Australian beef.

“I prefer Australian beef because the price is lower than that of US beef,” one consumer who did not wish to be named told the Global Times on Monday. In Walmart, the price of US beef is 430 yuan per kilogram and that of Australian beef ranges from 128 to 364 yuan per kilogram.

A restaurant owner told the Global Times that he prefers Australian steaks because US steaks are sliced so thin that they can’t be cooked for a longer time.

“I ask the salesperson to offer a large cut of beef, but they refuse to,” he said, adding that the taste of US beef is not as good as he had imagined.

Besides, as US beef imports were initially banned in China amid concerns over mad cow disease, many people are still concerned about it nowadays, according to China Times newspaper.

To guarantee the quality of US beef, China’s General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine has released US beef import standards, such as complete track records of the cattle breeding, place of origin and butchering method, according to an announcement posted on the bureau’s website on June 20.

The US recently initiated an investigation into China’s intellectual property practices. If the US provokes a trade conflict, China is likely to reduce imports of agricultural products like beef and beans, said Ma Wenfeng, a food expert based in Beijing.

Source: Global Times

Students complain that pricey volunteer agencies simply offer sightseeing

Every summer, adventurous Chinese college students travel abroad to volunteer, often on trips organized by volunteering agencies. These agencies tell students they will have a chance to teach, help animals and provide basic medical care to people living in underdeveloped parts of the world.

When Chen Ying, a 25-year-old Beijing resident, graduated from college in 2013, she decided to become a volunteer teacher in Nepal.

Although the project provided her with a great opportunity to learn about the local culture, compared to her experience in a Beijing-based NGO which is also dedicated to public welfare, she felt that her volunteering experience in Nepal failed to meet her expectations due to a lack of continuity and disorganized management.

Currently, international volunteering is no longer a rare experience for young middle-class Chinese, indeed it has become fashionable and popular. But along with the rapid growth of this industry, many international volunteer agencies have been accused of lacking relevant qualifications and excessively loose management.

Even though many ex-volunteers have claimed that their volunteering experience turned out to be little more than sightseeing, demand for international volunteering seems to still be rapidly expanding.

No better choice

Chen participated in her project through the Nepal Volunteer Council (NVC), which claims to be a Nepal-based NGO authorized by the Government of Nepal.

The organization says it offers volunteering, internships, travel and tour programs in Nepal and aims to continue the process of sustainable development and uplifting the living standards of local poor and marginalized communities.

“It charged each volunteer $200 a week covering fees for breakfast, supper and accommodation,” Chen told the Global Times.

Chen was taken to a village in Kathmandu where she taught English, math, music and art. Although the organizers were very friendly, Chen said the whole activity was poorly planned and executed.

“They did not provide any training or instructions and we began our work as soon as we arrived. The school was very shabby and there were no regular teachers. We talked to the organizer about the discontinuity of the curriculum but they said they had no better choice,” said Chen.

Another Chinese volunteer surnamed Zhu also complained about the lackluster management of the international volunteer agency she used.

In 2012, Zhu participated in a program in India organized by the Akanksha Foundation, an NGO that aims to equip all students with the education, skills and stigma they need to lead empowered lives.

She was taken to a low-income community and taught kids math and English. “After we arrived at the school, we were requested to have an interview. Those who failed the interview were withdrawn from the project and started a sightseeing tour. However, many of the sightseers claimed that they were volunteers when they came back to China,” said Zhu.

According to Zhu, the people she met in Nepal volunteered for different purposes. Some wished to know more about other countries, some were devoted to welfare activities while some hoped to polish their resume, especially those who planned to apply to universities overseas.

Hugely profitable

The huge demand has spurred the growth in the market for international volunteer agencies. A search for “international volunteer” on social media platform WeChat returns dozens of active agency accounts.

On Zhihu, a Chinese question-and-answer website similar to Quora, users listed a number of popular international volunteer agencies and shared their experiences, most claiming that the experience can both help polish one’s resume while offering enriching experiences.

A Zhihu user named JuliaO2 listed the advantages and disadvantages of several agencies, among which safety concerns, low standards and high charges were the main problems.

For example, Projects Abroad, which claims to be the world’s leading international volunteering organization, with headquarters in the UK and offices and projects in over 50 countries around the world, charges over $3,000 for a month in most countries.

A former employee of an international volunteer organization told the Global Times on condition of anonymity that her organization charges volunteers a lot of money but only around 30 percent actually goes to covering the costs of their time abroad.

“If you really want to participate in welfare activities, you had better not choose an agency. No matter how famous they are, they are profiteering,” said the employee.

Source: Global Times

Ancient map of Japan adds further evidence to China’s ownership over Diaoyu Islands


An ancient map of Japan has provided further evidence to the fact that the Diaoyu Islands are an inseparable part of Chinese territory and the islets of Dokdo, called Takeshima in Japan, are in the sea of South Korea.

The map was unveiled by Japanese historian Norio Kuboi at the publication ceremony of the Korean version of his book about facts of the Dokdo islets, held in Busan, South Korea, Aug. 24, the Yonhap News Agency reported.

In the map, the Diaoyu Islands were painted the same color as the Chinese mainland, indicating that they were Chinese territory, the South Korean news agency said.

Illustrated Outline of the Three Countries (San Guo Tong Lan Tu Shuo), a book written by Japanese scholar Hayashi Shihei, was also displayed at the ceremony.

Kuboi said the Japanese government strongly dislikes the book. The scholar said he just wants to explore historical facts and criticized the Japanese government for faking ancient maps and distorting the sovereignty of the Diaoyu Islands and the Dokdo islets.

Lu Hao, a research fellow at the Institute of Japanese Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said San Guo Tong Lan Tu Shuo represents the stance of Japanese folk scholars during the Meiji period, and is valuable proof of China’s sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands.

The Japanese government refuses to recognize the map, but they used to present it to the U.S. to prove that the Bonin Islands belong to Japan, Lu said, adding that there are many other historical proofs of China’s sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands and the map is just one of them.

Chinese netizens urge govt to criminalize Japanese military uniform cosplay

News of the detention of four people who posed for photos next to the site of a famous 1930’s battle while wearing replica Japanese military uniforms of the era was widely welcomed online.

The photos of the four provocateurs have been widely shared online over the past two weeks. The snaps had been taken in front of the Joint Trust Warehouse, or Sihang Cangku, where dozens of Chinese soldiers died defending the city from Japanese invasion 80 years ago.

Unsurprisingly, the young men were condemned for insulting the soldiers who gave their lives.

A notice published Wednesday by Shanghai police on its official Sina Weibo says that three of the five provocateurs (including the one who took the photo) will be detained and two will be “educated.”

Many even called for them to be harshly punished, with some drawing a parallel with the two Chinese tourists who were recently arrested in Berlin for performing the Nazi salute and may face criminal charges. However, there is no law in China that specifically applies to such behavior.

To Da Zhigang, director of the Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Northeast Asian Studies, such behavior shows some young people’s ignorance and lack of respect for history in general.

“Such things don’t happen by chance. It reveals problems in our young people’s view of history,” Da told the Global Times. “While criticizing these people, we should also reflect on how young people are educated about history.”

Challenging the bottom line

One of the posers said taking the shots was as exciting as stealing a manhole cover. “There are so many people around the Sihang Cangku in the evening. So taking a photo is like stealing a manhole cover – we finished it in several seconds,” the photo-taker wrote in their caption for the pictures.

Shangdizhiying_5zn, the netizen who first spotted and spread the images, wrote that he felt “a gust of undeniable anger shooting throughout his body” when he first saw them as they “touched his bottom line.” Then he quickly posted the pictures on Weibo, hoping the disrespect for the historical site would get the attention of the government.

In 1937, about 400 Chinese soldiers confronted tens of thousands of Japanese at the warehouse, and successfully held them off until the bulk of the Chinese forces were able to retreat. Now a museum, it is considered an important relic of the war.

“Now some people don’t feel grateful. Instead, they wear the enemy’s uniforms and take photos at the site where the martyrs shed their blood and write mocking captions. To me, such behavior is no different from peeing and pooing over the martyrs’ remains,” wrote Shangdizhiying_5zn.

“In Germany, giving a Nazi salute would land one in prison. How will [the relevant department] deal with people taking photos in Japanese military uniforms at a site where China fought against the Japanese army? A simple apology cannot settle the matter,” a netizen wrote.

The matter of respect towards the war often sparks anger. On Tuesday, several emojis featuring stills from the documentary 22, which features 22 Chinese women who were forced into sex slavery by the Japanese army durng World War Two sparked public outrage.

Also recently, two young men were detained for 10 days after dressing up in Japanese military uniforms in Binyang county, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, which was occupied by Japanese forces in 1940. Photos of the incident showed that they made chopping and stabbing gestures with their bayonets. They were soon encircled by a mob of hundreds and would likely have been thrashed if the police hadn’t come to their rescue. Later, the pair said that they were trying to get online attention.

“The most terrible thing is they may not have realized that they are challenging people’s bottom line of respect for history,” noted Da.

History chaos

These youngsters dressing in Japanese uniforms are often referred to as “jingri” online, which literally means “Japanese in spirit.”

There has been little research into the size, identity or motivations of this “reverse-nationalist” group. Some suspect online jingri are actually Japanese rightists pretending to be Chinese.

Netizens are labeled as jingri if people think they have sided with right-wing Japanese forces, insulted China or argued with more patriotic netizens.

One jingri netizen called Daribendiguo (literally Japanese Empire) wrote that Japan’s invasion was a good thing, arguing that aimed to liberate China from the dictatorial government of Republic of China leader Chiang Kai-shek.

Shangdizhiying_5zn told the Global Times that while he is not quite sure whether the four photo-takers had done any other inappropriate activity, information provided by other netizens seems to show that some of them previously visited the Yasukuni Shrine and even have connections with right-wingers in Japan.

After he published the post exposing the four photo-takers , he received threats online from people who he believed are jingri.

“Judging whether someone is jingri must be based on their remarks and behavior over a long period, not simply from their cosplay in Japanese military uniforms,” said Shangdizhiying_5zn, “The key is whether they can distinguish between right and wrong on major issues.”

Da said that these young people might have just been doing these things for fun, or to become famous online, but that they definitely “have incorrect views on history.”

“Historical nihilism, revisionism and exaggeration are all rampant and even self-hating views on history,” said Da. “All this, particularly in the information era, has affected young people’s view of history.”

“Games, cartoons and so on that randomly change history may have more influence on young people than history textbooks,” said Da, “In Japan, beautifying war and distorting history are carried out through cartoons, through which many learn about history.”

“Besides, in this Internet era, young people can easily learn how other countries interpret our history, including the history of the war against Japanese aggression, which would affect their view of history too,” said Da.

According to Da, many Chinese students who previously studied in Japan would use the name “Japanese-Sino war” to describe the war of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression (1931-45), which “blurs the nature of the war.”

“Now prejudice against Chinese students is eased in Japan, and many students feel Japanese society is appealing in many aspects, particularly against some problems in Chinese society,” said Da.

Legal punishment

The other day, two Chinese tourists who performed Nazi salutes in Berlin were arrested by German police. Besides fines, they may face criminal prosecution also, according to Germany’s law on Nazi-related matters.

Their arrest was applauded by many Chinese netizens, who said that it would be a good lesson for those who do not respect history. Many hope that the Shanghai provocateurs, and others like them, will be equally punished.

While they have been detained by local police, some are calling for a specific law to be introduced to target this kind of behavior, following in Germany’s footsteps.

“There should be a limit regarding history. It is about time to put making a law on the agenda, as such things happen again and again,” said Da, “The law is to make people respect history, instead of making punishment its goal.”

“These people, now having alerted us, provide a good chance for us to ponder over how to deal with such problems and to reflect on our present education of history among the young,” said Da.

Da says that to combat the confusion of the information era, an authoritative version of history should be spread widely. “Education of the correct view of history and peace should be reinforced and a correct historical record should be carried forward to wake up people’s respect and awe for history,” he said.

“But education should not be rigid and emphasize cramming. It’s a better idea to create related products that are appealing to the young,” said Da.


BRICS Summit provides framework to overcome challenges

The upcoming BRICS Summit, which will open on September 2, in Xiamen, East China’s Fujian Province, is expected to provide a pragmatic framework for the five members to overcome challenges in their economy, society and politics, Chinese analysts said.

The past decade has seen the growth of the BRICS cooperation platform into an influential international mechanism, and has helped bring changes to global economic governance structures. This includes greater voting rights for China and India in the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

However, BRICS countries face different levels of development.

“Compared to the first summit, the five countries have developed at a different pace from each other,” Lu Jing, a professor at the China Foreign Affairs University’s Institute of International Relations, told the Global Times on Thursday.

“The economies of China and India have performed well, but Brazil and South Africa have suffered economic crises,” Lu said.

“BRICS countries are undergoing a period of economic adjustment,” Chen Fengying, former Director of the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations’ Institute of World Economy, told the Global Times on Thursday.

“Russia and Brazil, as resources countries, are recovering from an economic recession,” she said.

“Social problems were hidden when BRICS countries enjoyed prosperity. The problems surfaced during the economic crises, which also affected their political stability,” Chen said.

Reforms have also led to domestic turbulence, which has affected diplomacy, Chen noted.

“Meanwhile, the desire and need of developed countries to cooperate with emerging economies has ebbed because they feel threatened,” Lu said.

US President Donald Trump’s protectionist policy has also placed a greater burden on BRICS countries in a more complicated international environment.

“Internal frictions among BRICS countries have always existed,” Lu noted.

The BRICS grouping of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa has entered its second decade. Since 2009, BRICS summits have been held annually. Their foreign, finance and security ministers also meet regularly under the BRICS framework.

Trade between Fujian, the southeastern Chinese province that will host the upcoming BRICS summit in a few weeks, and BRICS countries soared 67.7 percent to 49.42 billion yuan ($7.42 billion) in the first half, Xinhua said.

Moving forward

“BRICS has made great strides in pragmatic cooperation, such as the BRICS New Development Bank and the Contingency Reserve Arrangement,” Lu said.

“The summit in September will allow BRICS to be more effective and practical,” Lu said.

“It will provide the direction of how the countries solve their problems and will lead to an agreement to build a firm partnership and the foundations for the future,” Chen said.

“BRICS countries will also focus on global governance and will unite to enhance their global influence and confront pressure from Western countries,” Chen said.

The highlight of this year’s BRICS summit is to establish a new platform for south-south cooperation by exploring the “BRICS Plus” model involving more countries under BRICS.

“The new BRICS Plus could bring more openness and vitality to the mechanism. Adding members could also lead BRICS to its development goals,” Chen added.

Aside from economic and trade cooperation, it also seeks to enhance cultural cooperation and people-to-people exchanges, Xinhua reported.

The summit will also present the concept of a community of common destiny to lead global governance, Lu added.

China’s diplomatic agenda

As this year’s BRICS president, China’s diplomatic agenda of cooperation with other BRICS countries has always been a priority, Xinhua reported.

China has been a staunch supporter of and participant in the BRICS mechanism, and takes BRICS cooperation as one of its diplomatic priorities.

The ninth BRICS Summit would build a second “golden decade” for BRICS by taking the successful experience, strengthening internal cooperation and becoming more open, Lu said.

A Chinese Ministry of Commerce spokesperson said Thursday that India should follow WTO rules and avoid abusing trade remedy measures, Xinhua reported.

“As BRICS nations and large developing countries, China and India should work together to champion a free and open multilateral trade mechanism,” Gao Feng said at a press conference.

China is willing to work with India to build a platform for industrial dialogue and negotiations to resolve trade frictions and achieve mutually beneficial results, Gao added.

“The BRICS Summit is multilateral and not bilateral. Therefore, even if China and India face differences, cooperation should be the focus of the summit, not turbulence,” Chen said.