China’s new manned submersible sets for research expeditions in 2018

About 80 middle school students visit the Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology on the World Ocean Day, June 8, 2017. (Photo by Zhang Jingang, Zou Zhuoyan from CFP)

China’s self-developed 4,500-meter-level manned submersible named Shenhai Yongshi, or Deepsea W arrior, is scheduled for test expeditions into the deep sea in 2018 for scientific researches.

After making breakthroughs in a series of key technologies for overall design and optimization, design and manufacturing of a thick titanium alloy manned cabin, buoyancy materials for deep submergence and a low-noise deep-sea thruster, the submersible was finally delivered after 8 years of development.

Though the Chinese submersible Jiaolong is able to descend to a depth of 7,000 meters, China still needs to work on the 4,500-meter-level one as it’s a way to improve the country’s capability of independent innovation.

Statistically, 95 percent of the manned submersible Shenhai Yongshi is made in China, including all key devices such as buoyance materials, lithium batteries and mechanical arms. It is a showcase of China’s growing capability of independent innovation in deep-sea equipment manufacturing.

Chinese submersible Jiaolong descends to a depth of 7,062 meters, creating a world record, June 27, 2012. (Photo by Chen Yu from the Science and Technology Daily)

The Deepsea Warrior is among the most-advanced manned submersibles of the world due to its competitive performance. It successfully completed the deep-sea testing in South China Sea last October.

The Chinese manned submersible is expected to complete 50 missions in the South China Sea and southwestern Indian Ocean this year, six of which will be conducted in the South China Sea for archaeological purposes.

The world has been amazed by the breakthroughs made by Chinese submersibles one after another, with the submersible Jiaolong descending to a depth of 7,062 meters, the unmanned submersible Haidou reaching 10,888 meters, and the deep-sea underwater glider Haiyi diving to 6,329 meters.

China’s self-developed manned submersible Shenhai Yongshi is having sea testing. (Photo from the official website of the Chinese Academy of Sciences)

Besides, China is planning to make a manned submersible that is able to reach a depth of over 10,000 meters by 2020.

The continuous upgrading of China’s deep-sea equipment will help drive the country’s deep-sea exploration and research, and contribute more to the mankind’s exploration, development and protection of the blue space with rich resources.

China’s FTAs cover 24 countries and regions

Imported cars are parked at Qingdao Qianwan Free Trade Port Zone, east China’s Shandong province. (Photo from CFP)

China has inked 16 free trade agreements, or FTAs, with 24 countries and regions so far, forming a network that is rooted in neighboring countries, radiating Belt and Road nations and open to the globe, said Vice Minister of Commerce Wang Shouwen on March 11.

The FTAs not only involve China’s neighbors, but also countries along the Belt and Road, such as Pakistan, Georgia, Peru and Chile, Wang told a press conference during the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress, adding that the FTA network covers both developed and developing countries.

Test run of trains for foreign trade between Luzhou in southwest China’s Sichuan province and Guangzhou, capital city of south China’s Guangdong province is launched at the South Sichuan Port Area of China (Sichuan) Pilot Free Trade Zone, Dec. 21, 2017. (Photo from CFP)

The trade and investment relations between China and its free trade partners develop faster than those with non-free trade partners, said the minister, citing China’s trade with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) as an example.

China-ASEAN trade surpassed $500 billion last year, six times the volume of trade when the two sides just signed FTA. China, once the fifth-largest trading partner of the ASEAN, has now leaped to the top since the FTA kicked off, he noted.

Talks and signing of free trade agreement remain an important part of China’s efforts in opening wider to the outside world, and a major path for China to expand international exchanges and cooperation, said Wang, adding that China will further speed up the construction of the FTA network.

A staff from a local industry and commerce administration in Hubei province shows the province’s first business licenses that combine nine certificates into one at an administrative service center in China (Hubei) Pilot Free Trade Zone, May 12, 2017. (Photo from CFP)

New administration service center of Shenyang Area of China (Liaoning) Pilot Free Trade Zone in northeastern China, Dec. 13, 2017. (Photo from CFP)

Thanks to simplified administrative procedures in China’s free trade zones, fewer people now come to the customs for on-site clearance. (Photo from CFP)

China’s second-tier cities roll out more policies to lure talents

An increasing number of second-tier cities in China are joining a battle to win more talents by introducing a plenty of attractive policies.

University graduates look for jobs at a job fair in east China’s Zhejiang province, March 2. An increasing number of graduates now choose to work in China’s second- and third-tier cities, which roll out preferential policies to attract them to contribute to the cities’ development. (Photo from People’s Daily Online)

Nanjing, capital city of east China’s Jiangsu province, announced on March 6 that it will offer a subsidy of 1,000 yuan ($158.12) for job seekers from other places, as a plan to attract more university graduates for the city’s development.

In order to realize the goal of building itself into an innovative city with global prominence, the city has rolled out a series of measures, including lowering threshold on household registration and providing house rental and entrepreneurship allowances.

Nanjing is only one of those craving for talents. Since the beginning of 2017, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Chengdu and some other second-tier cities have rolled out package of policies .

The second-tier cities’ invitation to the young talents comes out when bigger cities like Beijing and Shanghai are imposing strict restrictions on housing purchases and household registration.

The new trend will not only help lessen the burden for first-tier cities, such as high population density and over-concentration of talents, but also help the second-tier cities develop and prosper by receiving more talents.

China saw the largest influx of overseas returnees in the past few decades. In 2017, the country embraced 600,000 overseas returnees, much more than the total number of students going abroad that year.

“Development is the top priority, talents are the primary resources, and innovation is the primary driving force,” Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed at a panel discussion with deputies from Guangdong province at the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress in Beijing, capital of China on March 7.

Op-ed: Xi’s thought injects positive energy into world

Last October, a three-episode documentary, “China: Time of Xi”, which introduces Chinese President Xi Jinping’s ideas and visions on national governance, had its debut on the Discovery Channel.

The historic changes took place in China in recent years displayed in the documentary have made its US and UK producers feel deeply that the spiritual force pushing China forward, and that the primary source of power behind these changes is Xi’s ideas on national governance.

Actions can generate more power under the guidance of thoughts. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held last October approved an amendment to the Party Constitution which enshrines Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, elevating the Thought into the Party’s guidance to action.

On March 11, 2018, the Thought was written into the country’s Constitution after the amendment was adopted at the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress with an overwhelming majority. The inclusion of Xi’s thought into the country’s fundamental law ensures a high-level unity between the will of the Party as well as the aspirations of the people.

The two historic moments have made the world witness how the brilliant thought guides China to march toward more progress.

Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out that “Karl Marx’s era had its language, and we have our own languages in our era.” The thinking has reflected a Marxist’s pursuit to move with the times.

China is standing at a new historic juncture of development as socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. Against such background, the Party’s theory and the Constitution, the fundamental law for state governance, are both evolving with the times.

There is nothing so practical as a good theory, a Western proverb goes. After the 19th CPC National Congress, more observers in the world hope to decode China’s success stories from the perspective of the guiding thoughts.

It has become a global research topic why China is creating one development miracle after another after 40 years of rapid development, and what’s the secret.

One finds that the key to understanding China’s success is to know that the CPC and the people are marching toward the same goal. An opinion poll conducted by French market research firm Ipsos last year showed that 92 percent of Chinese respondents believe their country is developing along the right track. The figure has manifested the social cohesion in China.

Having nearly 90 million Party members, how will China, a country of over 1.3 billion people, unite the whole country to accomplish its goals? As the representation of the will of both the Party and the people, the Constitution plays a great role.

The inclusion of Xi’s thought into the Constitution will pool great endeavors to revitalize the Chinese nation and make this second largest economy in the world achieve more leapfrog development.

The world is in urgent need of the guidance of right thought. In a world of unprecedented changes, to open up or to isolate, to cooperate for win-win results or to choose zero-sum competition, to let populism prevail or to provide the public with more sense of fulfillment by improving governance, are choices the Western countries have to face in managing both domestic and foreign affairs, at the key crossroads.

Forbes magazine said on March 11 that “Our reasoning is trapped in the 20th Century in a 21st Century world”, commenting on the trade conflicts the US initiated against other countries.

It is due to the lack of a united thought and the ability to let the will of the government and the people embrace each other, the Western leaders have difficulty in uniting the people and leading their countries to walk out of the plight of populism, protectionism and isolationism.

China is a country which creates thoughts and is adept at putting thoughts into practice. The great achievements made in the 40 years of development are a result of freeing the mind. Over the past 40 years, every step China took was under the guidance of the theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

After the Constitution came into force in 1982, it has elevated the great achievements and precious experiences the Party and the people accumulated into the fundamental law. Establishing the Party’s guiding thought as the national guideline is the important wisdom of the national governance under the leadership of the CPC.

“The CPC is devoted to sharing its thoughts and opinions in national governance with its Party members and its people,” said Martin Jacques, senior fellow at the Department of Politics and International Studies, Cambridge University.

The inclusion of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the Constitution is of unprecedented significance based on China’s current conditions and the global reality. The theoretical innovation of the CPC has injected positive energy to the country and the world at large.

China opposes US tariff decision, urges a revocation

The US tariffs on steel and aluminum imports are, in essence, a kind of trade protectionism in the guise of national security, Chinese Ministry of Commerce said on March 9, expressing China’s firm opposition to its decision.

A worker is working at an aluminum production plant in central China’s Anhui province on Aug. 3, 2017. (Photo from CFP)

The statement came after the US President Donald Trump signed proclamations to impose hefty tariffs on imported steel and aluminum amid mounting dissent from business groups and trading partners around the world.

The majority of steel and aluminum imported by the US was for civilian use and by no means impairs its national security, stressed Wang Hejun, head of trade remedy and investigation bureau at the Ministry of Commerce.

China strongly opposes the US plan, as its abuse of the “national security” provision is a wanton sabotage of the multilateral trade system represented by the World Trade Organization, said Wang, adding that such kind of abuse will undermine the normal international trading order.

China will take strong measures to defend its legitimate rights and interests after assessing the losses caused by the US measures, stressed Wang, adding that China has expressed its position and concerns, and lodged solemn complaints to the US side through multiple channels.

What the measures damage is not only the interests of other countries, but also that of the US, Wang pointed out, stressing that it has incurred complaints from US congressman, industrial associations, as well as businesses.

The first phase of a coal and gas fueled power generation program is put into use in in Xinyu, southeast China’s Jiangxi province, Jan. 17, 2018. (Photo from CFP)

China urged the US to respect the multilateral trade system and revoke the policy as soon as possible, Wang said.

The tariffs, 25 percent on imported steel and 10 percent on aluminum, will take effect in 15 days after the announcement by Trump on March 8 at White House.

The latest protectionist policy has drawn fierce resistances from both the US and international community. The EU, Brazil, the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, France, the UK and Australia have all vowed to take countermeasures against it.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker responded that the EU will “react firmly and commensurately” to defend its interests.

Chinese peacekeeping helicopters complete UN transport mission

China’s first peacekeeping helicopter detachment concluded the transport of soldiers and cargos of the Senegalese peacekeeping in-fantry battalion affiliated to the Sector North of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) on March 4.

A helicopter of China’s first peacekeeping helicopter detachment. (Photo from the PLA’s official website,

It is reported that the Chinese helicopters, to conduct the mission for troop rotation, shall fly over the rebel-controlled areas in South Su-dan, where UN peacekeeping helicopters were once attacked. The Chinese helicopters of the detachment flew nearly 150 hours, trans-porting about 40 tons of cargos and 800 Senegalese peacekeepers in total.

China has grown into the largest source of peacekeeping personnel among the permanent members of the UN Security Council and the second largest contributor to the UN peacekeeping budget since join-ing UN peacekeeping operations in 1990.

Helicopters usually play a significant role in various peacekeeping operations because of its quick transit of personnel at lower risks than conventional transport vehicles.

A pilot of the Chinese peacekeeping helicopter detachment is in peacekeeping operation. (Photo by the Chinese peacekeeping heli-copter detachment)

A helicopter of China’s first peacekeeping helicopter detachment arrives in Khartoum, capital of Sudan. (By Li Yida from People’s Daily)

China’s first peacekeeping helicopter detachment holds oath-taking rally. (Photo from the PLA’s official website,

Chinese peacekeepers prepare for the flight. (Photo by the Chi-nese peacekeeping helicopter detachment)

Chinese President offers condolences to Papua New Guinea over strong earthquakes

Chinese President Xi Jinping offered condolences to the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea (PNG) Bob Dadae on Mar. 8 over the strong earthquakes that recently hit the country.

PNG Prime Minister Peter O’Neill receives donations from Chinese community and companies at the Prime Minister’s Office on Mar. 6 and 8, 2018. (Photo from Chinese Embassy in the PNG)

A powerful 7.5-magnitude earthquake jolted the southwestern Pacific country on Feb. 26, triggering landslides and flattening buildings. Over 143,000 people were affected, with 17,000 displaced from their homes, according to local media. Several strong aftershocks rattled the region and the latest one of 6.8 magnitude took place on Mar. 9 Beijing time.

In the message he sent, Xi said that he learned earthquakes had struck the central regions of the PNG, causing heavy casualties and property losses. On behalf of the Chinese government and people as well as in his own name, Xi offered his condolences to the victims and the injured and sympathy to their families and relatives.

PNG Prime Minister Peter O’Neill receives donations from Chinese community and companies at the Prime Minister’s Office on Mar. 6 and 8, 2018. (Photo from Chinese Embassy in the PNG)

Chinese people share the agony of the people in the PNG, he said, pledging that China is willing to provide support and help to its best capabilities.

Xi believed that under the leadership of the PNG government, its people will overcome the difficulty and rebuild their homeland at an early date.

Chinese community and companies in the country have offered aid immediately after the quakes, making donations to local community to help them get through the difficulty and rebuild their hometown, according to the Chinese Embassy in the PNG.

Two batch of donations, including $710,000 in cash and $60,000 of relief supplies, were delivered to PNG Prime Minister Peter O’Neill at two ceremonies held on Mar. 6 and 8.

O’Neill extended gratitude to the Chinese community and companies for their strong support and generous aid to the rescue and relief work as well as post-quake construction.

Tabubil, a town of the PNG, suffers from heavy property losses after earthquakes hit the place, Feb. 26, 2018. (Photo from CFP)

Reviewing the friendly cooperation between the two countries, he spoke positively of China’s long-term assistance for the development of his country and thanked Chinese government and people for condolences and support after the earthquakes.

The PNG is an island country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, at the point of collision of several tectonic plates. Sitting on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a horseshoe-shaped area that is frequently shaken by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the country has been hit by several earthquakes above 6.0 magnitude in recent years.

A large number of victims wait for rescue, Mar. 7, 2018 after the earthquakes hit the PNG. (Photo from CFP)

China mulls new national standard on raw milk

China is planning for a new national standard on raw milk to better regulate the market order and meet demands of different consumers, not long after implementing its “strictest ever” regulation concerning registration of infant formula products.

Photo taken on Oct. 12, 2017 shows cows at a ranch in Hai’an county, eastern China’s Jiangsu province. (Photo from People’s Daily Online)

The draft of the new national standard has been released to solicit public opinions, Chinese media reported on March 7.

A big highlight of the new standard would be a classification system that categorizes quality and ordinary milk sources.

With hierarchical standards adopted for different sources, the system will help distinguish high-end milk products from lower-end ones in a clear and accurate way, and as a result not only meet the varied demands of the consumers, but also ensure their right to know.

In China, there are large ranches where thousands and even tens of thousands of cows are bred, and also individual cowmen who breed a small number of cows. Such different operation modes have resulted in a large gap among raw milk from different origins.

The country now has only one standard on raw milk which was released 8 years ago, butit fails to reflect the real value of high-quality products.

Technicians from a dairy enterprise in Dongying, east China’s Shandong province disinfect the cows before milking on Dec. 8, 2017. (Photo by Liu Zhifeng, Tan Changqing from People’s Daily Online)

The new standard is expected to change the current status that better products are classified under the same standard as ordinary ones.

Under the current national standard, most of China’s dairy enterprises choose to mix the milk from different sources to ensure cost-efficiency, according to Wang Jiaqi, an expert from the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

But such practice is indeed a kind of resource waste because the high-quality milk is not duly used, added Wang, who is also one of the draftsperson of the new standard.

If the new standard implemented, milk processing companies will make products into different levels based on the origins of the raw milk, and sell them at differentiated prices based on the classification information labeled on the package, the expert said, adding that the new move will satisfy the consumers with various demands.

Chinese vocabulary gaining wider global recognition: report

China’s culture is exerting a growing influence on the rest of the world, according to a Chinese report showing increased understanding of Chinese vocabulary and concepts outside of China.

Foreign students learn to write Spring Festival couplets during the Chinese New Year. (Photo from People’s Daily Online)

More Chinese words are being used in the English language, said the report released by China Foreign Languages Publishing Administration.

Kongzi (Confucius), chunjie (Spring Festival), zhongqiu (Mid-Autumn Festival), Shaolin (the name of a branch of martial arts) and gongfu (kung fu), are among the top 100 list as the most-recognized Chinese words.

The report came from surveys of eight major English-speaking countries including the US, the UK, Australia, the Philippines, South Africa, Canada and Singapore.

A series of buzz words and concepts emerged after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, according to the report, citing the “Chinese Dream,” “Belt and Road,” “community with a shared future for mankind” and “anti-corruption.”

Listed as two of the top 10 most popular words by the report, the economic terms “renminbi” and “yuan” have been incorporated into the Oxford English Dictionary.

China’s economic and scientific development has contributed to world innovation of language and vocabulary related to the economy and science, the report explained.

China’s mobile payment service platform Alipay was included in the top 100 list, while words standing for China’s high-tech development such as “chang’e” (lunar probe), “wukong” (dark matter detection satellite) and “gaotie” (high-speed rail) have also received broad recognition .

Students from Ecuador and Malaysia (second left and second right) communicate with a Chinese student (first left) at a middle school in Anyang, Central China’s Henan Province on September 20, during the China (Anyang) International Conference of Chinese Characters. (Photo from People’s Daily Online)

Culture-related words accounted for the largest percentage of the list, including traditional Chinese festivals Chunjie and Chongyang, the ninth day of the ninth lunar month when Chinese pay respect to seniors.

The report showed that Chinese words previously translated into English have now been replaced by pinyin. Some foreigners, for instance, prefer “jiaozi” to “dumpling.”

Foreign businessmen in Yiwu, eastern China’s Zhejiang Province learn Chinese. (Photo from People’s Daily Online)

Foreigners display paper-cut works they learned from a folk artist in Dongying, Shandong Province on December 23. (Photo from People’s Daily Online)

Time to lay “China threat theory” to rest: Chinese FM

It’s time to lay “China threat theory” to rest, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told a press conference on China’s foreign policies and external relations on 8th March.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi meets the press at a press conference of the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress, March 8, 2018. (Photo by Weng Qiyu form People’s Daily Online)

“For decades, the West has made all kinds of assessments and predictions about China. To some Westerners, China is either ‘collapsing’ or ‘threatening’,” added Wang during the press conference on the sidelines of the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress.

As China continues to grow, the first theory has collapsed and become an international laughing stock. Meanwhile, proponents of the second theory have conjured up new versions, which find dwindling support because facts speak louder than words, the minister pointed out.

His remarks came as new versions of “China threat theory” emerged one after another, encompassing the topics ranging from nuclear strength to space program at all kinds of occasions including the Munich Security Conference and the US Congressional hearing.

Some countries even pointed fingers at China and fabricated so-called “China threat”, but turned a blind eye to their own soaring military expenditure.

China has reaffirmed on many occasions that the fundamental goal of its development is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation, and contribute to world peace and development.

It has also repeated its hope that some countries can abandon the outdated Cold War mentality, and view today’s world and China’s development in an objective and rational manner.

For years, China has been the leading engine of global growth, Wang illustrated China’s contribution, elaborating that at more than 30 percent, China’s annual contribution is bigger than that of America, Japan and the Eurozone combined. China accounts for more than 70 percent of poverty reduction worldwide, a miracle in human history.

As the largest source of peacekeeping personnel among the permanent members of the UN Security Council and the second largest contributor to the UN peacekeeping budget, China is bearing a weighty responsibility for maintaining world peace, said the minister.

He added that in the last five years, with its Belt and Road Initiative and other major proposals, China has come to the fore in championing global governance, free trade and an open global economy.

“From these solid facts, those who do not have bias or practice double standards will see in China not a threat, but plenty of opportunities,” Wang concluded.