Concerted efforts required to curb game addiction


China’s online game users reached 484 million by the end of 2018, according to a report released by the China Internet Network Information Center.

Alongside this surge in users, addiction to gaming has become a real problem, especially among teenagers, who often have less self-control than their adult counterparts. A study shows that 27.5 percent of teenagers aged between 12 and 16 years old suffer from gaming addiction.

A lack of other interests, outdoor activities and good communication with parents and schoolmates prompts teenagers to spend too much time playing games, reasoned Lu Lin, an academician with the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Beijing Huilongguan Hospital established a specialized medical center in 2018 to treat teenagers addicted to video games. This year, the hospital set up rooms equipped with sports and recreation facilities to help patients beat addiction in a relaxed environment.

Experts pointed out that dealing with video game addiction requires the government, schools, families and gaming companies to work together.

The State Council encouraged gaming companies to develop both educational and enjoyable video games for teenagers in an official paper released in July. The document is intended to curb the number of online games available to children and limit their time playing games.

Parents should communicate more often with their children and keep them company. They could also help kids manage their time better and avoid overindulgence in video gaming. Schools need to teach students about the negative impacts of addiction and show them that playing video games isn’t harmful if done in moderation.

Commentary: Hong Kong rioters must be severely punished for beating reporter

A Global Times reporter who went to report on the current chaos in China’s Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) was tied up, insulted, and beaten by radicals in Hong Kong International Airport on the evening of Aug. 13.

The news provoked widespread outrage in China. Many Chinese lost sleep, worrying about the life of reporter Fu Guohao.

These rioters, who have thrown gasoline bombs at police, hurt tourists from the Chinese mainland, and brutally beaten this reporter, have defied every law and regulation. What they have done is appalling and intolerable.

In contrast to the savage acts of the rioters, Fu’s bravery and integrity were admirable. Facing the rioters who surrounded him, Fu shouted, “I support Hong Kong police, you can beat me now.”

When he was finally brought out of the airport, while lying on a stretcher, Fu said “I love Hong Kong, thank you, thank you,” which shows the love this reporter feels for his country and Hong Kong SAR despite the rioters.

Insulting and attacking a member of the press is unforgivable. The rioters have trampled on journalistic ethics and civil rights. They have broken the bottom lines of morality and the law. All rioters must be severely punished.

Stopping the violence, ending the chaos and restoring order is the priority for Hong Kong right now. Hong Kong police announced in a statement that “radicals have caused physical and mental damage to the victims”, and that “the Hong Kong police will carry out an in-depth investigation into the cases,” stressing that they “will be sure to bring the attackers to justice”.

It’s touching to see more and more people stepping out to say no to violence, rioters, and criminal acts. The power of justice is converging!

As the old saying goes, “Those whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad.” What awaits the mob is surely the punishment of the law.

The disgusting conduct of the radicals can neither frighten the people who have a sense of justice nor obstruct the determination of Hong Kong to maintain stability. Justice will prevail over evil. Hong Kong will see a better tomorrow!

Western China transported 7.6 billion cubic meters of natural gas to Hong Kong

Workers check the pipeline at a compressor station along the West-to-east Gas Pipeline. (Du Yanfei/People’s Daily Online)

By Aug. 11, 2019, China had transported a total of around 7.6 billion cubic meters of natural gas to its Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) via a project which ships natural gas from west to east, meeting the demand for natural gas in Hong Kong.

The amount of natural gas transported to Hong Kong via China’s project for shipping natural gas from west to east has increased year by year, with the annual volume of natural gas delivered to Hong Kong through the project rising from 390 million cubic meters in 2013 to 1.5 billion cubic meters in 2018.

The project for shipping natural gas from west to east, which is an iconic project of China’s western region development campaign, was launched in China in July 2002. Now the project includes a natural gas transportation pipeline network with a total length of 12,294 kilometers, benefiting nearly 400 million people in over 160 cities of 16 provincial-level administrative regions and Hong Kong SAR.

The primary natural gas transport capacity of the project’s pipeline network has reached 123.6 billion cubic meters per year, according to a relevant executive of PetroChina West-East Gas Pipeline Company, which is in charge of the construction of the pipeline as well as the production and operation of the project.

The project now has a pipeline network consisting of three main lines, nine branches, 12 interconnection lines, 18 subbranches, 178 compressor stations, 25 maintenance teams, 480 valve chambers, and two natural gas metering sub-stations, said the executive.

By Aug. 1, 2019, the company had sold 492 billion cubic meters of natural gas, disclosed the executive, explaining that this amount of natural gas can replace 639 million tonnes of standard coal equivalents, and reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide, fine dust, and carbon dioxide by 43 million tonnes, 349 million tonnes, and 453 million tonnes respectively.

China injects positive energy into building a world of universal security

“As a member of the Asian family and a responsible major country in the global community, China will continue to build peace, contribute to development and uphold order in the world, and work for a new type of international relations and a community with a shared future for mankind.”

This is the remarks made by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Fifth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

With unprecedentedly active diplomatic activities in the first half of this year, China has embraced a further rise in its international influence, ability to inspire and power to shape.

On many bilateral and multilateral occasions, President Xi has made voices for safeguarding world peace and security, promoting mutual trust among major countries and neighboring security, and offering solutions that address both the symptoms and root causes of global problems.

He called on people of all countries to build an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity, which showcased the sense of responsibility of the leader of a major country.

The world is undergoing unprecedented changes and adjustments. Human beings are faced with common challenges as instability and uncertainties are mounting and traditional and non-traditional security issues become more salient.

Based on a thorough insight into the human destiny and the trend of the times, President Xi proposed a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security. He encourages countries to forge a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice and win-win cooperation, follow the principle of consultation, cooperation and benefit for all in global governance, and inject positive energy into building a world of universal security.

China has made a loud and clear voice to build a world of universal security. At a China-France forum on global governance, Xi offered Chinese solutions to address the deficit of governance, trust, peace and development, stressing that all countries should shoulder their due responsibilities and take concrete actions to grasp the destiny of mankind.

At the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, he highlighted sustainable development as a “golden key” to solving global problems.

During the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit held in Bishkek, capital of Kyrgyzstan, Xi said that SCO members should make the organization an example of common security. Besides, he stated that building a safe and stable Asia is the common objective of Asian countries at the fifth summit of the CICA.

Eying global peace and common development, President Xi has always attached great importance to the building of a world of universal security.

China has signed a joint communiqué with Italy to advance bilateral comprehensive strategic partnership and inked an agreement with France to jointly safeguard multilateralism and improve global governance.

The country vowed to strengthen contemporary global strategic stability in a joint statement it signed with Russia. Besides, it also reached agreements on further deepening comprehensive strategic partnerships with both Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

Furthermore, President Xi’s historic visit to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has promoted the political settlement of the Korean Peninsula issue and contributed to the peace and stability on the peninsula.

China will strengthen bilateral cooperation and focus on regional and global common security to enhance security with each party concerned.

Building a world of universal security is increasingly becoming a consensus of the international community. Some foreign experts said that the new security concept put forward by China is a feasible solution to disputes and would contribute to regional security and stability. They also said China’s practices of the new vision of security serve as a major force in maintaining peace and stability.

Learning China’s plans and actions to build a world of universal security, the world is more and more accepting the new vision of security proposed by President Xi.

This new vision reflects the characteristics of the international situation and the requirements of the development of the times. It is also in line with the common voice of all countries for peace, development and cooperation.

Since it was put forward in 2014, the vision has been brought up for multiple times at UN meetings. It has also been included in the multilateral cooperation documents such as the declaration of CICA summit and that of the Council of Heads of State of the SCO.

Human beings dwell on the same planet, and global countries are increasingly becoming a community with shared future that shares of weal and woe. To pursue common security and cooperative security is a natural demand for them.

President Xi has reiterated that China will firmly uphold the authority and stature of the UN, respect the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of other countries and adhere to the principle of non-interference in others’ internal affairs, encouraging countries in the world to jointly safeguard security through cooperation.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Russia and China should continue to strengthen coordination on major international and regional issues, jointly deal with the challenges of unilateralism and protectionism, and maintain global peace and stability.

Emmanuel Macron, President of France, said that France and the EU are willing to deepen mutual trust with China and shoulder the historic responsibility of promoting world peace, security and development together.

The tree of peace does not grow on barren land while the fruit of development is not produced amidst flames of war. Development is the foundation of security and also the largest guarantee of security. Only by promoting security through development can symptoms and root causes of problems both be addressed.

At the 2nd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, participating parties reached broad consensus on promoting high-quality construction of the Belt and Road initiative, and the win-win results delivered at the forum have injected new energy to the high-quality development of the world economy.

During Xi’s overseas trips, he repeatedly elaborated Chinese plans to address the development deficit, and the plans have been broadly accepted by the world, which contributed to the shaping of a new model in which sustainable security is promoted by sustainable development, and economic cooperation and security cooperation are having sound interactions and synchronized progress.

“United we stand, divided we fall.” In an era of globalization, no country can address alone the many challenges facing mankind; no country can afford to retreat into self-isolation.

It is a common aspiration of the people from all countries to build a world with universal security free from fear and create a security architecture featuring fairness, justice, joint contribution and shared benefits.

Offering Chinese wisdom to solving global security problems, China’s new security concept and practices are envisioning a bright prospect of long-term security and common prosperity for the world.

Young ice cream taster becomes internet sensation

Feng Yuanyuan’s work involves taste-testing ice cream products from her company and others and then assessing and comparing the quality.

Feng Yuanyuan, born in 1995, has caused a storm online thanks to a video of her working as an ice cream taster.

Employed by an ice cream company, Feng’s work involves taste-testing ice cream products from her company and others and then assessing and comparing the quality.

Sometimes, she has to taste over 20 ice creams in a single day. After eating one, she usually rinses her mouth with warm water to protect her taste buds.

Through this taste-testing, she earns more than 10,000 yuan per month, more than most of her college classmates.

The unfortunate by-product of eating so much ice cream is that she has put on five kilograms. Feng said that she exercises regularly to manage her weight.

“To be an ice cream taster, a person needs to have a sensitive tongue and really like ice cream. Many people become fed up with ice cream if they have to eat it every day, so a good ice cream taster isn’t easy to find,” she said.

Feng explained that after more than a year’s work, she can tell if an ice cream contains additives just by tasting it. She hopes that in the future, she could figure out the ingredients of a product with one bite.

US should not duck responsibilities as major country

“The Americans have always been internationalists, but their internationalism has always been a by-product of their nationalism.” The remarks made by Robert Kagan, a senior fellow with the Brookings Institution, are more than appropriate to describe the reckless practices of some Americans.

By unilaterally provoking and constantly upgrading trade frictions with global countries, frequently withdrawing from international agreements and organizations, and continuing practicing protectionism and unilateralism, some US officials are maxing out their credibility in the international society and undermining the rule-based international order. What they did has placed huge negative impacts on global economic cooperation.

On August 1, the US announced that it would slap 10 percent tariffs on another $300 billion of Chinese goods starting September 1, as if they had totally forgot their “constructive” description of the just-concluded 12th round of high-level economic and trade consultations between the US and China.

The announcement astonished the international society and caused serious harm to the global market. Some American officials even claimed that they didn’t care at all about the negative impacts on the stock market. It’s beyond imagination that how an influential major country can be so irresponsible.

The American society is making increasingly louder voices to oppose additional tariffs. Some said the added 10 percent tariff will strike the American consumers and families’ budget and American families should not be pawns in the trade war.

Others said that the new round of tariff increase is actually taking American families as hostages in trade negotiations. The new tariffs would raise costs on everything from computers to backpacks to clothes as kids go back to school.

Faced with the opposing voices from US congressmen, the public and industrial associations, Washington still argues that the impact on American consumers is very small and the US has produced models to prove it.

However, the problem is that the so-called proof is not comparable at all to how American people and consumers are actually feeling.

The responsibility of big countries is to provide the world with stability and certainty while creating conditions and opportunities for the common development of all countries. But some people in the United States do just the opposite.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) recently lowered its global economic growth forecast for the third time this year. In the World Economic Outlook released this July, the organization slashed expectations for growth in the global volume of trade to 2.5 percent, lower than its estimate in April.

The trade tensions caused by the US and the uncertainties in the country’s long-term policies have become a primary factor affecting market confidence and weakening the vitality of the global economy.

The IMF once predicted that global GDP growth would be cut by 0.5 percent by 2020 if all the threatened tariffs were implemented.

Today some in America are obsessed with American privilege to the point of destroying international rules and the international order. An observer commented that the US claimed to be at the steering wheel of the world economy, yet it could neither guide the economic development nor assume its responsibility.

On the contrary, the US was just being extremely irresponsible by withdrawing from the Paris Agreement, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization and the United Nations Human Rights Council.

No one can stand without credibility; no country can fit in without reputation. The irresponsible practice of some Americans is something that stems from their disdain for justice and disregard for faith, and these Americans need to wake up.

(Zhong Sheng is a pen name often used by People’s Daily to express its views on foreign policy.)

Chinese games develop fast in overseas market

(Li Wen/Xinhua)

Chinese gaming companies have expanded their business and brought a large number of high-quality products to the international market in recent years, Economic Information Daily reported on August 6.

The actual sales revenue of China’s self-developed games in the overseas market totaled $5.57 billion from January to June this year, revealed a recent report on China’s game industry released by the China Audio-video and Digital Publishing Association.

Overseas revenue saw a year-on-year increase of 20.2 percent, higher than the growth rate of sales in the domestic market, according to the report.

Of all games, role-playing games, strategy games and competitive multiplayer games were most popular among foreign players, accounting for 83 percent of total overseas revenue, said the report.

China has dramatically improved its research and development capabilities in recent years, especially when it comes to mobile games. This has created a rise in the overseas market share and influence of China’s self-developed games, said Sun Shoushan, director of the association, at the 2019 China Digital Entertainment Expo and Conference (ChinaJoy) held in Shanghai.

Last year, China’s overseas gaming market hit $9.59 billion, making the country one the largest games exporters in the world, Sun said.

Statistics indicate that the US, Japan, South Korea and Europe remain the major target markets of China’s self-developed games. Meanwhile, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Latin America are of high market potential.

More efforts should be made to introduce self-developed games with Chinese style to the global market, said Guo Yiqiang, Director of the Publication Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

Domestic gaming companies need to develop high-quality products based on the demands of foreign consumers and build a competitive edge in the global market, Guo noted.

China’s construction industry grows rapidly since 1949

China’s construction industry has seen rapid growth since 1949, according to a report issued by the country’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

The output value of the industry totaled 23.5 trillion yuan in 2018, 4,124 times that of 1952. The average annual growth rate reached 13.4 percent, said the report.

The added value accounted for 8.2 percent of the country’s GDP last year, 6.8 percentage points higher than in 1979.

Construction enterprises have increased alongside the booming industry, with more than 1.2 million enterprises in the sector last year.

Meanwhile, corporate strength has improved significantly. In 2018, 69 Chinese mainland companies were included in the list of the top 250 international contractors released by Engineering News-Record (ENR), an American weekly magazine on the construction industry, ranking first among global countries for the fourth time in a row.

The fast-growing industry has boosted employment. By the end of 2018, 55.63 million people were employed in the sector, accounting for 7.2 percent of the nation’s total, an increase of 5.6 percentage points over the 1980 figure.

With the maturing of technologies and an improvement in skills, Chinese enterprises have completed world-class construction projects at home, such as the Three Gorges Dam and the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.

They have also expanded their business overseas. China-Myanmar oil pipelines and the Mohammed VI Bridge in Morocco and other facilities built by Chinese enterprises have won widespread praise in recent years.

Experts: China has sufficient conditions to maintain stability of yuan exchange rate

The Chinese economy is generally stable while making good progress, and the country enjoys a fundamental equilibrium in the balance of international payments and has sufficient foreign exchange reserves. Therefore, it can maintain the stability of the yuan exchange rate, experts recently confirmed.

“Both the onshore and offshore exchange rate of the Chinese yuan against the U.S. dollar broke the 7 yuan level on August 5, which was a reflection of the changes in market sentiment,” said Wen Bin, a chief researcher of China Minsheng Bank.

Wen explained that the global financial market had fluctuated drastically due to such factors as the U.S. plan to impose an additional 10 percent tariff on $300 billion worth of Chinese imports, and the U.S. Federal Reserve’s (Fed) decision to cut interest rates.

China adheres to a market-oriented and floating exchange rate system which is formulated against a number of currencies, said Lian Ping, chief economist with the Bank of Communications.

As affected by market factors, the yuan has depreciated, but will most likely go up again in the future, said Lian, adding that these are all normal fluctuations under the floating exchange rate system, and there’s no need to pay too much attention to the “7 yuan level”.

Despite the recent depreciation of the yuan against the U.S. dollar, the value of the yuan has risen if viewed from a historical perspective.

From the beginning of 2005 to June 2019, the nominal effective exchange rate of yuan appreciated by 38 percent and the real effective exchange rate of the currency by 47 percent, making it the most reliable currency among all Group of 20 (G20) economies as well as witnessing one of the highest appreciation rates around the world, as revealed by data from the Bank for International Settlements.

Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China (PBOC), China’s central bank, said that the Chinese economy is generally stable while achieving progress, and that the economy has shown resilience, potential, and leeway.

Yi explained that as China enjoys an equilibrium in the balance of international payments and has sufficient foreign exchange reserves, more enterprises are becoming involved in the foreign exchange market, thus the interest rate gaps between China and major economies in the world are in an appropriate range. He added that these conditions guarantee the basic stability of the yuan exchange rate.

“At present, China sees a balance of international payments, generally controllable financial risks, and a stable yuan exchange rate index. On the contrary, the U.S. dollar index still has room to decline. The yuan is expected to continue to fluctuate in both directions against the U.S. dollar within a reasonable and balanced range,” said Wen.

“As a responsible major country, China will scrupulously abide by the commitments relevant to exchange rates made during the G20 summits, stick to the market-based exchange rate system, never pursue competitive devaluation or use the exchange rate as a tool to deal with external disturbances including economic and trade frictions,” stressed Yi.

“China didn’t attempt to gain additional advantages for trade during the 1997 Asian financial crisis or the 2008 global financial crisis through exchange depreciation. Instead, it adopted effective measures to stabilize the exchange rate, making great contributions to the recovery of the global economy,” said Zhao Qingming, chief economist of the derivative institute of the China Financial Futures Exchange.

Reform and opening-up is a fundamental state policy of China, and the country should stick to reform and opening-up in its foreign exchange management, so as to further improve cross-border trade and investment facilitation and better serve real economy, said an executive of the PBOC, stressing that policy orientation will not change despite recent events.

Cultural consumption new driver for expanding domestic demand in China

The cultural and creative industry has witnessed a boom in recent years. (Photo/Xinhua)

A boom in creative cultural products, increasing popularity of cultural tourism, and growing nighttime cultural consumption in China have revealed the tremendous potential of cultural consumption to drive domestic demand.

According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, Chinese enterprises above the designated size in the cultural industry witnessed a 7.9 percent rise in revenue during the first half of this year.

During this year’s “618” online shopping festival held around June 18 in China, book sales sold via Alibaba’s online shopping platform Tmall within the first hour of the festival grew 550 percent compared with the previous year.

Moreover, Tmall’s sales volume of books sold in the first three minutes of the 618 shopping festival this year surpassed the number sold in the first hour of the festival last year.

Besides books, various cultural products such as Terracotta Warrior garage kits, Sichuan Opera face masks, and sparkling water makers in the form of Long March rockets became must-have items.

These cultural products are the outcome of a project launched by Alibaba’s major e-commerce platform Taobao, which announced on May 21 that it would work with online shop owners and designers to develop over 100 intellectual property products based on China’s national treasures in the next three years, aiming to create a market worth over 10 billion yuan (about $1.42 billion).

During the recently concluded 12th China Art Festival, more than 5,700 kinds of creative cultural products were displayed, attracting over 50,000 visitors and generating a sales volume exceeding 340 million yuan within four days.

Cultural tourism is becoming a new fashion in China, especially culture-oriented travel to places such as museums and exhibitions halls.

According to big data on entrance tickets released by China’s online group purchase platform, searches for cultural tourism-related products including museums and exhibition halls has been growing at more than 200 percent year-on-year.

Dai Bin, president of the China Tourism Academy, disclosed that monitoring tourism during holidays in recent years showed that more than 90 percent of tourists now participate in various cultural activities, while 40 percent visit a museum while traveling.

Tourism has also stimulated consumption of such areas as bags and suitcases as well as cosmetics. In the first half of 2019, sales of bags and suitcases grew by 202 percent compared with the same period last year, while sales of sunblock products, lipstick, and face masks rose by 573 percent, 347 percent, and 242 percent respectively year-on-year, as shown by big data from Chinese e-commerce platform

In addition, China has been making efforts to boost supply-side reform for cultural consumption, with the nighttime economy a key target area.

On July 31, the 7th Beijing People Beneficial Cultural Consumption Season opened in China’s capital, Beijing. The event this year aimed to tap into the potential of nighttime cultural consumption and develop the nighttime economy by encouraging shopping malls, theaters, cinemas, and parks to extend business hours.

The call has so far received a wide response in Beijing. The National Museum of China extended business hours until 9 p.m. every Sunday, the Museum of Chinese Gardens and Landscape Architecture held an evening event from July 31 to August 4, and the UCCA Center for Contemporary Art in Beijing extended its business hours until 9 p.m. from Friday to Sunday every week, with the number of nighttime visitors accounting for 10 percent of daily visits.

Today, watching films and shows has become a regularity for many Chinese people and a new highlight of China’s nighttime economy. According to China’s major online ticketing platform,, from May to August this year, a total of 19 concerts and music festivals were held in the northeast region of China, an increase of 110 percent when compared with the previous year.

Concerts and music festivals are expected to attract 350,000 spectators during the same period, up 25 percent from last year, while the events will generate a year-on-year growth of 15 percent at the box-office, suggested

Since shows such as stage play, opera, and concerts are usually held between 19:00 and 22:00, such cultural consumption will become an essential part of the nighttime economy, said an expert, adding that leisure integrated into tourism has greater nighttime development space.